Deterministic/probabilistic contingency evaluation in composite generation and transmission systems

  title={Deterministic/probabilistic contingency evaluation in composite generation and transmission systems},
  author={Roy Billinton and Runquan Mo},
  journal={IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting, 2004.},
  pages={2232-2237 Vol.2}
Deterministic criteria and techniques have been developed and applied in power system planning and operation over many decades. Their essential weakness is that they cannot account for the stochastic nature of system behavior, of customer demands, or of component failures. The deterministic criterion usually applied in a composite system is designated as the (n-1) criterion. Application of the (n-1) criterion does not provide information on the actual impacts of the different contingencies on… CONTINUE READING
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