Determinism in new-dialect formation and the genesis of New Zealand English

  title={Determinism in new-dialect formation and the genesis of New Zealand English},
  author={Peter W. Trudgill and Elizabeth Gordon and Gillian Lewis and Margaret Maclagan},
  journal={Journal of Linguistics},
  pages={299 - 318}
In this paper we use an extensive archive of early New Zealand speakers, together with comparisons with the other Southern Hemisphere varieties of English, to argue that dialect mixture and new-dialect formation are not haphazard processes. We demonstrate that, given sufficient linguistic information about the dialects which contribute to a mixture, and sufficient demographic information about the proportions of speakers of the different dialects, it is possible to make predictions about what… 

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