Determining robust impacts of land-use induced land-cover changes on surface climate over North America and Eurasia; Results from the first set of LUCID experiments

  title={Determining robust impacts of land-use induced land-cover changes on surface climate over North America and Eurasia; Results from the first set of LUCID experiments},
  author={Nathalie de Noblet-Ducoudr{\'e} and Juan Pablo Boisier and Andrew J. Pitman and Gordon B. Bonan and Victor A. Brovkin and Faye T. Cruz and Christine Delire and Veronika Gayler and Bart Van den Hurk and Peter J. Lawrence and Michiel van der Molen and Christoph M{\"u}ller and Christian H. Reick and Bart J. Strengers and Aurore Voldoire},
  journal={Journal of Climate},
AbstractThe project Land-Use and Climate, Identification of Robust Impacts (LUCID) was conceived to address the robustness of biogeophysical impacts of historical land use–land cover change (LULCC). LUCID used seven atmosphere–land models with a common experimental design to explore those impacts of LULCC that are robust and consistent across the climate models. The biogeophysical impacts of LULCC were also compared to the impact of elevated greenhouse gases and resulting changes in sea surface… 

Historical Land-Cover Change Impacts on Climate: Comparative Assessment of LUCID and CMIP5 Multimodel Experiments

AbstractDuring the industrial period, many regions experienced a reduction in forest cover and an expansion of agricultural areas, in particular North America, northern Eurasia, and South Asia. Here,

Land-Surface Characteristics and Climate in West Africa: Models’ Biases and Impacts of Historical Anthropogenically-Induced Deforestation

Land Use Land-Cover Change (LULCC), such as deforestation, affects the climate system and land-atmosphere interactions. Using simulations carried out within the LUCID (Land Use and Climate,

Effect of Anthropogenic Land-Use and Land-Cover Changes on Climate and Land Carbon Storage in CMIP5 Projections for the Twenty-First Century

AbstractThe effects of land-use changes on climate are assessed using specified-concentration simulations complementary to the representative concentration pathway 2.6 (RCP2.6) and RCP8.5 scenarios

Effects of land cover change on temperature and rainfall extremes in multi-model ensemble simulations

Abstract. The impact of historical land use induced land cover change (LULCC) on regional-scale climate extremes is examined using four climate models within the Land Use and Climate, IDentification

Biogeophysical impacts of forestation in Europe: first results from the LUCAS (Land Use and Climate Across Scales) regional climate model intercomparison

Abstract. The Land Use and Climate Across Scales Flagship Pilot Study (LUCAS FPS) is a coordinated community effort to improve the integration of land use change (LUC) in regional climate models

Quantifying the relative importance of land cover change from climate and land use in the representative concentration pathways

Climate change is projected to cause substantial alterations in vegetation distribution, but these have been given little attention in comparison to land use in the Representative Concentration

Current challenges of implementing anthropogenic land-use and land-cover change in models contributing to climate change assessments

Abstract. Land-use and land-cover change (LULCC) represents one of the key drivers of global environmental change. However, the processes and drivers of anthropogenic land-use activity are still

Biogeophysical Impacts of Land‐Use Change on Climate Extremes in Low‐Emission Scenarios: Results From HAPPI‐Land

The first multimodel results from HAPPI‐Land are presented and show that changes in temperature extremes due to LUC are comparable in magnitude to changes arising from half a degree of global warming.

Assessing climatic impacts of future land use and land cover change projected with the CanESM2 model

To demonstrate the importance of land use and land cover change (LUCC) on future climate projections, the CanESM2 model experiments recommended by the LUCID project were used. Four fully coupled

The regional impact of Land-Use Land-cover Change (LULCC) over West Africa from an ensemble of global climate models under the auspices of the WAMME2 project

The population of the Sahel region of West Africa has approximately doubled in the past 50 years, and could potentially double again by the middle of this century. This has led to the northward



Uncertainties in climate responses to past land cover change: First results from the LUCID intercomparison study

Seven climate models were used to explore the biogeophysical impacts of human‐induced land cover change (LCC) at regional and global scales. The imposed LCC led to statistically significant decreases

Effects of land use change on North American climate: impact of surface datasets and model biogeophysics

Abstract This study examines the impact of historical land-cover change on North American surface climate, focusing on the robustness of the climate signal with respect to representation of sub-grid

Modeled Impact of Anthropogenic Land Cover Change on Climate

Abstract Equilibrium experiments with the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory’s climate model are used to investigate the impact of anthropogenic land cover change on climate. Regions of altered

Regional and Global Impacts of Land Cover Change and Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies

The atmospheric and land components of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory's (GFDL's) Cli- mate Model version 2.1 (CM2.1) is used with climatological sea surface temperatures (SSTs) to

Investigating the climate impacts of global land cover change in the community climate system model

Recently, (Pitman et al., 2009 ) found a wide range of bio‐geophysical climate impacts from historical land cover change when modelled in a suite of current global climate models (GCMs). The

Impacts of land use land cover on temperature trends over the continental United States: assessment using the North American Regional Reanalysis

We investigate the sensitivity of surface temperature trends to land use land cover change (LULC) over the conterminous United States (CONUS) using the observation minus reanalysis (OMR) approach. We

Assessing 20th century climate–vegetation feedbacks of land‐use change and natural vegetation dynamics in a fully coupled vegetation–climate model

This study describes the coupling of the dynamic global vegetation model (DGVM), Lund–Potsdam–Jena Model for managed land (LPJmL), with the general circulation model (GCM), Simplified

Impact of land cover change on surface climate: Relevance of the radiative forcing concept

We use the IPSL climate model to investigate biophysical impacts of Anthropogenic Land Cover Change (ALCC) on surface climate. Including both the changes in surface albedo and evapotranspiration, we

Harmonization of land-use scenarios for the period 1500–2100: 600 years of global gridded annual land-use transitions, wood harvest, and resulting secondary lands

In preparation for the fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the international community is developing new advanced Earth System Models (ESMs) to

The influence of land-use change and landscape dynamics on the climate system: relevance to climate-change policy beyond the radiative effect of greenhouse gases

  • R. PielkeG. Marland S. Running
  • Environmental Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2002
A new metric is needed to quantify the human disturbance of the Earth's surface-energy budget, and this ‘regional climate change potential’ could offer a new metric for developing a more inclusive climate protocol.