Determination of the steady-state intracellular chloride concentration in capacitated human spermatozoa.

Chloride channels participate in the mammalian sperm acrosome reaction (AR). However, the mechanism by which sperm regulate intracellular Cl- concentration ([Cl-]i) is not known. The steady-state [Cl-]i has also never been reported for mammalian spermatozoa. Therefore, using chloride-sensitive fluorescent dyes, we sought to determine the steady-state [Cl-]i… (More)