Determination of the jaguar (Panthera onca) and puma (Puma concolor) diet in a tropical forest in San Luis Potosi, Mexico

@article{Rueda2013DeterminationOT,
  title={Determination of the jaguar (Panthera onca) and puma (Puma concolor) diet in a tropical forest in San Luis Potosi, Mexico},
  author={Patricia S{\'a}nchez Rueda and Germ{\'a}n David Mendoza and Diana Mart{\'i}nez and Octavio C{\'e}sar Rosas-Rosas},
  journal={Journal of Applied Animal Research},
  year={2013},
  volume={41},
  pages={484 - 489}
}
Jaguar and puma faeces (N=30) were collected in an area of 75 km2 in the tropical forest of Tamasopo in San Luis Potosi. A dot-blot assay was developed with DNA from scats in order to differentiate between jaguar and puma. This assay employed a probe recognising cytochrome b of puma. A total of 14 prey species were found, of which 7 were used by both felids. Jaguar and puma diets in this study showed an overlap of 93.38% where collared peccary was the main prey consumed by both felids (jaguar… Expand
Diet of pumas (Puma concolor) in Sonora, Mexico, as determined by GPS kill sites and molecular identified scat, with comments on jaguar (Panthera onca) diet
TLDR
From prey found at kill sites, jaguars killed calves (Bos taurus) at a lower frequency than previously reported, whereas pumas preyed on calves at a higher frequency than previous reported in the same area. Expand
Feeding habits of the jaguar Panthera onca (Carnivora: Felidae) in Tortuguero National Park, Costa Rica
TLDR
The results indicated that jaguar diet in this area consisted of at least 20 prey species, and the green sea turtle was the most frequent item based on carcass data, while the white-lipped peccary was the major prey species according to the scat analysis. Expand
Native, exotic, and livestock prey: assessment of puma Puma concolor diet in South American temperate region
Understanding the food habits of mammalian carnivores is crucial for the comprehension of the role of apex-predators in maintaining healthy ecosystems. The puma is currently the most widespread topExpand
Spatial requirements of jaguars and pumas in Southern Mexico
TLDR
It is found that jaguars had home ranges that were 2–6 times larger than those of pumas, and patches of at least 180 km 2 of primary forest are required to meet the annual spatial requirements of female jaguar. Expand
ACTIVITY PATTERNS OF JAGUAR, PUMA AND THEIR POTENTIAL PREY IN SAN LUIS POTOSI, MEXICO
Hernandez-SaintMartin, A. D., Rosas-Rosas, O. C., Palacio-Nunez, J. Tarango-Arambula, L. A., Clemente-Sanchez, F., & Hoogesteijn, A. L. 2013. Activity patterns of jaguar, puma and their potentialExpand
What are jaguars eating in a half-empty forest? Insights from diet in an overhunted Caatinga reserve
TLDR
It is demonstrated that jaguars are able to shift their diet to small prey when larger quarry is scarce, and subsisting in such a stressful trophic position may lead to decreased levels of recruitment and low emigration rate. Expand
Prey Preferences of the Jaguar Panthera onca Reflect the Post-Pleistocene Demise of Large Prey
TLDR
Jaguars have an unusual predator to prey body mass ratio, show limited effect of prey morphology as a driver of prey selection, lack evidence of optimal foraging beyond their preferred prey, and an absence of preferentially hunting on Cetartiodactyla herbivores. Expand
Microhabitat and presence of top predators affect prey apprehension in a subtropical mountain forest
TLDR
Predator presence in the area modified temporally the perception of predation risk in prey, which expressed more apprehension and foraged less inThe area at those times when predators were photographed in the Area. Expand
Multi-scale path-level analysis of jaguar habitat use in the Pantanal ecosystem
Abstract Jaguars (Panthera onca), like other apex predators, are highly susceptible to habitat loss and fragmentation given their low demographic potential and large habitat area requirements. AcrossExpand
Human disturbance has contrasting effects on niche partitioning within carnivore communities
TLDR
Evidence is found that human disturbance impacts resource partitioning, either positively or negatively, in all three niche dimensions of niche partitioning within carnivore communities and subsequent effects on both intraguild competition and community structure. Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 59 REFERENCES
Food habits of jaguars and pumas in Jalisco, Mexico
TLDR
There was a high degree of overlap between jaguar and puma diets, but pumas had a broader food niche than jaguars, and their ability to exploit smaller prey may give them an advantage over jaguARS when faced with human-induced habitat changes. Expand
Coexistence of jaguar (Panthera onca) and puma (Puma concolor) in a mosaic landscape in the Venezuelan llanos
TLDR
It is suggested that the abundance of medium-sized prey is an ecological factor that is facilitating the coexistence of jaguar and puma in the study area and Habitat heterogeneity may be another influential factor leading to the coexist. Expand
Foraging ecology of jaguar (Panthera onca) and puma (Puma concolor) in hunted and non‐hunted sites within the Maya Biosphere Reserve, Guatemala
TLDR
Jaguar and puma in both hunted and non-hunted sites obtained similar dietary contributions from large prey to their respective diets despite differences in the abundance of these prey species. Expand
Food Habits and Livestock Depredation of Sympatric Jaguars and Pumas in the Iguaçu National Park Area, South Brazil
TLDR
Degree of diet overlap between jaguar and puma in INP suggests that coexistence was likely driven by exploitative competition through some degree of food partitioning, and the importance of more actions toward increasing numbers of large ungulates to preserve the population of jaguars in InP is highlighted. Expand
Is food quality important for carnivores? The case of Puma concolor
TLDR
The results indicate a greater consumption of prey that provide more kilocalories to the predator, and suggests the importance of quality meat in the diet of pumas. Expand
Dietary separation of sympatric carnivores identified by molecular analysis of scats
TLDR
Analysis of diets of four sympatric carnivores in the flooding savannas of western Venezuela by analysing predator DNA and prey remains in faeces shows that puma and jaguar scats overlap in size, as do those of puma, ocelot and fox. Expand
The Food Habits of Sympatric Jaguar and Puma in the Paraguayan Chaco
TLDR
In a developed region no significant differences between their diets were found, while in an undeveloped area more small mammals were taken by both species, and jaguar took more large prey than puma. Expand
The Jaguar (Panthera onca) in San Luis Potosí, Mexico
TLDR
Given the number of records and quality of remaining habitat, the Sierra Madre Oriental in San Luis Potosí should be considered as a high priority for long-term conservation of jaguars in Mexico. Expand
Jaguar (Panthera onca) Food Habits in Atlantic Rain Forest of Southeastern Brazil1
TLDR
Analysis of relative prey frequency and biomass indicated that the diet of a relict population of jaguars in Brazil was concentrated in two prey types: long-nosed armadillo and white-lipped peccary. Expand
Jaguar (Panthera onca) Food Habits in Atlantic Rain Forest of Southeastern Brazil1
Between January and December 1996, the food habits of a relict population of jaguars were studied in 220 km2 Linhares Forest Preserve, which comprises much of the remaining old-growth Atlantic ForestExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...