Determination of the jaguar (Panthera onca) and puma (Puma concolor) diet in a tropical forest in San Luis Potosi, Mexico

@article{Rueda2013DeterminationOT,
  title={Determination of the jaguar (Panthera onca) and puma (Puma concolor) diet in a tropical forest in San Luis Potosi, Mexico},
  author={Patricia S{\'a}nchez Rueda and Germ{\'a}n David Mendoza and Diana Mart{\'i}nez and Octavio C. Rosas-Rosas},
  journal={Journal of Applied Animal Research},
  year={2013},
  volume={41},
  pages={484 - 489}
}
Jaguar and puma faeces (N=30) were collected in an area of 75 km2 in the tropical forest of Tamasopo in San Luis Potosi. A dot-blot assay was developed with DNA from scats in order to differentiate between jaguar and puma. This assay employed a probe recognising cytochrome b of puma. A total of 14 prey species were found, of which 7 were used by both felids. Jaguar and puma diets in this study showed an overlap of 93.38% where collared peccary was the main prey consumed by both felids (jaguar… 
Diet of pumas (Puma concolor) in Sonora, Mexico, as determined by GPS kill sites and molecular identified scat, with comments on jaguar (Panthera onca) diet
TLDR
From prey found at kill sites, jaguars killed calves (Bos taurus) at a lower frequency than previously reported, whereas pumas preyed on calves at a higher frequency than previous reported in the same area.
Feeding habits of the jaguar Panthera onca (Carnivora: Felidae) in Tortuguero National Park, Costa Rica
TLDR
The results indicated that jaguar diet in this area consisted of at least 20 prey species, and the green sea turtle was the most frequent item based on carcass data, while the white-lipped peccary was the major prey species according to the scat analysis.
ACTIVITY PATTERNS OF JAGUAR, PUMA AND THEIR POTENTIAL PREY IN SAN LUIS POTOSI, MEXICO
El jaguar (Panthera onca) y el puma (Puma concolor) en México son especies simpátricas y presentan similitud ecológica. El entendimiento de las interacciones interespecíficas entre estas especies es
Prey Preferences of the Jaguar Panthera onca Reflect the Post-Pleistocene Demise of Large Prey
TLDR
Jaguars have an unusual predator to prey body mass ratio, show limited effect of prey morphology as a driver of prey selection, lack evidence of optimal foraging beyond their preferred prey, and an absence of preferentially hunting on Cetartiodactyla herbivores.
Livestock Depredation by Jaguars Associated with Dry-Season Core-Use Areas in a Northeastern Mexico Agrolandscape
Abstract. Predation by jaguars (Panthera onca) on livestock can foster human intolerance and drive human–jaguar conflicts. Understanding distributional patterns that characterize depredation can help
Microhabitat and presence of top predators affect prey apprehension in a subtropical mountain forest
TLDR
Predator presence in the area modified temporally the perception of predation risk in prey, which expressed more apprehension and foraged less inThe area at those times when predators were photographed in the Area.
Multi-scale path-level analysis of jaguar habitat use in the Pantanal ecosystem
Spatiotemporal co-occurrence of predators and prey in a neotropical mammal community in southern Mexico
Predator-prey interactions are one of the central themes in ecology due to their importance as a key mechanism in structuring biotic communities. In the predator-prey systems, the behaviours of
Human disturbance has contrasting effects on niche partitioning within carnivore communities
TLDR
Evidence is found that human disturbance impacts resource partitioning, either positively or negatively, in all three niche dimensions of niche partitioning within carnivore communities and subsequent effects on both intraguild competition and community structure.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 59 REFERENCES
Food habits of jaguars and pumas in Jalisco, Mexico
TLDR
There was a high degree of overlap between jaguar and puma diets, but pumas had a broader food niche than jaguars, and their ability to exploit smaller prey may give them an advantage over jaguARS when faced with human-induced habitat changes.
Coexistence of jaguar (Panthera onca) and puma (Puma concolor) in a mosaic landscape in the Venezuelan llanos
TLDR
It is suggested that the abundance of medium-sized prey is an ecological factor that is facilitating the coexistence of jaguar and puma in the study area and Habitat heterogeneity may be another influential factor leading to the coexist.
Is food quality important for carnivores? The case of Puma concolor
TLDR
The results indicate a greater consumption of prey that provide more kilocalories to the predator, and suggests the importance of quality meat in the diet of pumas.
Dietary separation of sympatric carnivores identified by molecular analysis of scats
TLDR
Analysis of diets of four sympatric carnivores in the flooding savannas of western Venezuela by analysing predator DNA and prey remains in faeces shows that puma and jaguar scats overlap in size, as do those of puma, ocelot and fox.
The Jaguar (Panthera onca) in San Luis Potosí, Mexico
TLDR
Given the number of records and quality of remaining habitat, the Sierra Madre Oriental in San Luis Potosí should be considered as a high priority for long-term conservation of jaguars in Mexico.
The Food Habits of Sympatric Jaguar and Puma in the Paraguayan Chaco
TLDR
In a developed region no significant differences between their diets were found, while in an undeveloped area more small mammals were taken by both species, and jaguar took more large prey than puma.
Jaguar (Panthera onca) Food Habits in Atlantic Rain Forest of Southeastern Brazil1
Between January and December 1996, the food habits of a relict population of jaguars were studied in 220 km2 Linhares Forest Preserve, which comprises much of the remaining old-growth Atlantic Forest
Jaguar (Panthera onca) Food Habits in Atlantic Rain Forest of Southeastern Brazil 1
TLDR
Analysis of relative prey frequency and biomass indicated that the diet of a relict population of jaguars in Brazil was concentrated in two prey types: long-nosed armadillo and white-lipped peccary.
Jaguar and Puma Predation on Cattle Calves in Northeastern Sonora, Mexico
TLDR
Modified cattle husbandry operations, such as establishment of permanent water sources in uplands and away from dense vegetative cover, could ameliorate many cases of predation by jaguar and puma predation on cattle.
Cougar Predation on Black-and-Gold Howlers on Mutum Island, Southern Brazil1
TLDR
The versatility of cougars is corroborated by the consumption of prey species that were abundant in the region and that were available in different forest strata, such as howlers and agoutis, which might have facilitated the predation of the large primates by a primarily terrestrial predator.
...
...