Determination of Arsenic , Cadmium and Lead Elements in Chewing Sticks ( Miswak ) Using ICP-MS

Abstract

Salvadorapersica (Miswak) is used in many parts of the world as a tool for the cleaning of teeth and general oral hygiene. This material is imported into the United Kingdom, from countries in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, and is sold in ethnic shops. They are popular amongst members of certain ethnic communities. Very little is known about the trace… (More)

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