This paper describes a method of determining clioquinol levels in hamster plasma and tissue by means of HPLC and electrochemical detection. Clioquinol was separated on a Nucleosil C18 300 mm x 3.9 mm i.d. 7 microm column at 1 ml/min using a phosphate/citrate buffer 0.1M (400 ml) with 600 ml of a methanol:acetonitrile (1:1, v/v) mobile phase. The retention times of clioquinol and the IS were, respectively, 11.6 and 8.1 min; the quantitation limit (CV>8%) was 5 ng/ml in plasma and 10 ng/ml in tissues. The intra- and inter-assay accuracies of the method were more than 95%, with coefficients of variation between 3.0 and 7.7%, and plasma and tissue recovery rates of 72-77%. There was a linear response to clioquinol 5-2000 ng/ml in plasma, and 10-1000 ng/g in tissues. The method is highly sensitive and selective, makes it possible to study the pharmacokinetics of plasma clioquinol after oral administration and the distribution of clioquinol in tissues, and could be used to monitor plasma clioquinol levels in humans.