Determinants of the Attempting and Outcome of Coups d’état

@article{Powell2012DeterminantsOT,
  title={Determinants of the Attempting and Outcome of Coups d’{\'e}tat},
  author={Jonathan M Powell},
  journal={Journal of Conflict Resolution},
  year={2012},
  volume={56},
  pages={1017 - 1040}
}
  • Jonathan M Powell
  • Published 6 June 2012
  • Political Science
  • Journal of Conflict Resolution
Previous studies have attested to leaders “coup-proofing” their regimes by reducing the ability or disposition of their armies to seek their removal. The following article tests the utility of these efforts. “Structural” coup-proofing such as counterbalancing is expected to reduce the ability to organize a coup plot by creating substantial coordination obstacles to soldiers. Coup-proofing by spoiling militaries with organizational resources is expected to reduce the willingness to intervene… 
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Under what conditions do political leaders take strategies that allow them to reduce militaries’ capabilities to successfully organize a coup? There is a broad consensus among previous studies that
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This paper investigates civil conflict as a product of the survival strategies of African leaders. Specifically, the paper offers a theory of risk substitution that predicts coup-fearing leaders will
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This study examines the influence of civil–military relations on military effectiveness. More specifically, we investigate how coup-proofing, that is, the strategies and tactics employed to prevent
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