Determinants of adolescents' active defending and passive bystanding behavior in bullying.

@article{Gini2008DeterminantsOA,
  title={Determinants of adolescents' active defending and passive bystanding behavior in bullying.},
  author={Gianluca Gini and Paolo Albiero and Beatrice Benelli and Gianmarco Alto{\'e}},
  journal={Journal of adolescence},
  year={2008},
  volume={31 1},
  pages={93-105}
}
The literature on participant roles in bullying lacks empirical studies that seek to explain what differentiates defenders from outsiders (or passive bystanders). The present study tested a conceptual model in which two personal characteristics of early adolescent students (empathy and perceived social self-efficacy) were considered as possible determinants of their participant behavior in bullying episodes. A total of 294 Italian early adolescents (mean age=13.3 years, range: 12-14… CONTINUE READING

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