Determinants of Healthy Eating in Canada: An Overview and Synthesis

  title={Determinants of Healthy Eating in Canada: An Overview and Synthesis},
  author={Kim D. Raine},
  journal={Canadian Journal of Public Health},
  pages={S15 - S8}
  • K. Raine
  • Published 1 July 2005
  • Medicine
  • Canadian Journal of Public Health
This article uses a population health perspective to examine the complex set of interactions among the determinants of healthy eating. An overview of current knowledge on determinants of healthy eating was organized as follows: 1) individual determinants of personal food choices and 2) collective determinants, including a) environmental determinants as the context for eating behaviours and b) public policies as creating supportive environments for healthy eating. A conceptual synthesis of the… 

Exploring food choice as social practice :appreciating the context of family feeding in Kahnawake, Québec, Canada

Models of individual-behaviour currently represent the dominant understanding of food choice in public health nutrition. This model frames food choice as a dietary intake behaviour rationally decided

Consumer demand for healthy eating considering diversity – an economic approach for German individuals

The results of regression analyses show that the demand for a healthy diet is influenced by age and mainly by knowledge, attitudinal and behavioural (proxy-)variables as education level, participation in a health training course and sport activity.

Intention towards vegetarian diet in Malaysia as a concern of healthy eating lifestyle

Human health can be described as an individual’s quality of life and the impacts of such living pattern on the development of the individual’s social and economic aspects. One of the most effective

Healthful eating: beyond food, a global concept.

A continuum of eating quality is suggested that could be used to identify, in general, the food habits of persons or groups and allow a wide range of strategic interventions to implement such eating.

Nutrition and eating behaviour in older adulthood

It is concluded that research identifying the perspectives of older adults on nutrition is paramount to make significant contribution to the body of knowledge, inform policy makers and enhance practice.

Social Cognitive Determinants of Healthy Eating Behaviors in Late Adolescents: A Gender Perspective

Constructing everyday notions of healthy eating: exploring how people of three ethnocultural backgrounds in Canada engage with food and health structures

Views that the gaps between official healthy eating messages and people’s eating practices may not be closed by further education about how to eat are supported.

University Students’ Eating Behaviours: Implications for the Social Cognitive Theory

While particular constructs of the Social-Cognitive Theory (SCT) have gained attention in eating behavior research, more investigation about the utility of the framework as it applies to specific

Using a wider lens to shift the discourse on food in Canadian curriculum policies

Canadian HPE policies should be reviewed in light of the health risks associated with both a narrow, neoliberal emphasis on individual responsibility and an emphasis on food and activity surveillance, and more critical health literacy approaches to help students understand natural body variability and the impact of social determinants on food choice.



Determinants of healthy eating in community-dwelling elderly people.

Dietary self-management persists in well, independent seniors without financial constraints, whatever their living arrangements, whereas nutritional risk is high among those in poor health and lacking in resources.

Perceptions of healthy eating: state of knowledge and research gaps.

The main gap identified in this review concerns the lack of knowledge available on perceptions of healthy eating, which can be considered as one of the many factors influencing people's eating habits.

Determinants of healthy eating among low-income Canadians.

  • E. Power
  • Medicine
    Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique
  • 2005
The literature reviewed suggests that improved nutrition for low-income Canadians may be difficult to achieve a) in isolation from other changes to improve their lives; b) without improvement in the nutrition of the general population of Canadians; and c) without some combination of these two changes.

Mental health and eating behaviours: a bi-directional relation.

  • J. PolivyC. Herman
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique
  • 2005
The research on individual differences in how people respond to food, as well as mood, and emotional, social and collective influences on what and how much is eaten is examined, with a focus on adolescents and adults.

Food Choice: A Conceptual Model of the Process

The conceptual food choice process model represents the rich and complex bases of food practices, and provides a theoretical framework for research and practice in nutrition.

Determinants of diet quality among Quebecers aged 55-74.

Gender differences in predictors of diet quality suggest the need to target nutrition health promotion to the needs of older men and women to encourage optimal eating habits.

Montreal Food Bank Users' Intakes Compared With Recommendations of Canada's Food Guide to Healthy Eating.

  • L. Jacobs StarkeyH. Kuhnlein
  • Medicine
    Canadian journal of dietetic practice and research : a publication of Dietitians of Canada = Revue canadienne de la pratique et de la recherche en dietetique : une publication des Dietetistes du Canada
  • 2000
In general, food bank users' mean intakes were no worse than those of the Quebec general population, although their intake of milk products was lower, however, the mean number of food group servings varied greatly and reflected very low intakes by some food-bank clients.

The Correlation Between Nutrition Knowledge and Eating Behavior in an American School: The Role of Ethnicity

Knowledge about nutrition and healthy eating behavior appears to be weak within this group, and it would be beneficial to promote a nutrition curriculum for students in middle schools.