Determinants of Cognitive Development of Low SES Children in Chile: A Post-transitional Country with Rising Childhood Obesity Rates

  title={Determinants of Cognitive Development of Low SES Children in Chile: A Post-transitional Country with Rising Childhood Obesity Rates},
  author={Marcos Galv{\'a}n and Ricardo Uauy and Camila Corval{\'a}n and Guadalupe L{\'o}pez-Rodr{\'i}guez and Juliana Kain},
  journal={Maternal and Child Health Journal},
Studies conducted in developing countries have noted associations between concurrent stunting, social-emotional problems and poor cognitive ability in young children. However, the relative contribution of these variables in Latin America is likely changing as undernutrition rates decline and prevalence of childhood obesity rises. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 106 normal-weight and 109 obese preschool children to compare the relative contribution of early nutrition, sociodemographic… Expand
Early childhood development (ECD) has long-life effects on an individual, that were essential for human capital accumulation and contribute to economic growth. This study aimed to analyzed factorExpand
Grades of undernutrition and socioeconomic status influence cognitive development in school children of Kolkata.
Cognitive development of school children of Kolkata is influenced by the grade of undernutrition and SES, which is significantly correlated with HAZ, WAZ, S ES, age, and sex. Expand
Centre-based care is a significant predictor of lower body mass index in early childhood: Longitudinal evidence from Chile
The findings suggest centre-based care programs, with adequate regulation and enforcement, may be a useful support to help curb the early childhood overweight epidemic, in addition to known effects in labor supply and child development. Expand
Childhood Poverty and Cognitive Development in Latin America in the 21st Century.
Common patterns in the negative impact of poverty that have been repeatedly verified in the literature in other continents are identified and should be considered in future studies in the region. Expand
Analysis of the Relationship between Nutritional Influence with the Obesity Phenomenon among Primary School Students in Banda Aceh, Aceh Province, Indonesia
There was a significant influence between intake from daily snack foods, fiber consumption, and sedentary on the incidence of obesity in primary schoolchildren in the Banda Aceh City area. Expand
Eating in the Absence of Hunger and Obesity Among Adolescents in Santiago, Chile
Obesity was related to eating behavior in the sample of Chilean adolescents, however not in the direction the authors hypothesized, and adolescents with obesity were less likely to eat additional calories in the EAH paradigm and ate fewer total calories compared to adolescents without obesity. Expand
Teacher qualifications and development outcomes of preschool children in rural China
Abstract In the preschool period, interactions between teachers and children are an essential input for healthy development. However, it is not well understood how the qualifications of preschoolExpand
Treatment and Prevention of Malnutrition in Latin America: Focus on Chile and Bolivia
National and international nutrition and food programs developed over the past 50 years have been implemented as integral components of broader strategies of primary healthcare and education, oriented toward preventing deaths and improving the quality of life of low-socioeconomic-status groups. Expand
High fat diet-induced estrus cycle disruption: effects of Ficus asperifolia
The data support the anecdotal claims of F. asperifolia in folk medicine to cure some cases of infertility in women and suggest that the plant has bioactive agents that may maintain conducive conditions for reproduction in obese female rats. Expand
Capaian Perkembangan Kognitif Anak Stunted dan Normal di TK/KB
Anak  pendek  atau  stunting, merupakan  kondisi  gagal  tumbuh  pada anak  yang  terjadi sejak bayi dalam kandungan dan pada masa awal setelah  bayi  lahir. Akan  tetapi,  kondisi  stunting baruExpand


Determinants of cognitive function in childhood: A cohort study in a middle income context
Children's cognitive development in urban contexts in developing countries could be substantially increased by interventions promoting early psychosocial stimulation and preschool experience, together with efforts to prevent low birth weight and promote adequate nutritional status. Expand
Accelerated Growth in Early Life and Obesity in Preschool Chilean Children
BMI Z differences between N and OB were significant from birth, but were greatest between 6–12 and 36–52 months, and additional adjustment by birth weight, pre‐pregnancy BMI, and prenatal variables decreased the BMI Z differences for the first 24 months with virtually no effect after this age. Expand
Developmental potential in the first 5 years for children in developing countries
Two factors with available worldwide data—the prevalence of early childhood stunting and the number of people living in absolute poverty—are identified as indicators of poor development and show that both indicators are closely associated with poor cognitive and educational performance in children. Expand
Maternal height and child mortality in 42 developing countries
  • Christiaan Monden, J. Smits
  • Medicine, Computer Science
  • American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council
  • 2009
A robust negative effect of logged maternal height on child mortality is found and the effect of maternal health is strongest for women with least education and is more important in the first year after birth and for twin births. Expand
Birth weight, childhood socioeconomic environment, and cognitive development in the 1958 British birth cohort study
The postnatal environment has an overwhelming influence on cognitive function through to early adulthood, but these strong effects do not explain the weaker but independent association with birth weight. Expand
[Family environment and child's cognitive development: an epidemiological approach].
Quality of stimulation in the family environment is crucial for child's cognitive development, besides the significant role of the available resources and family dynamics, and the pertinence to cognitive development of interventions which improve the quality of the environment and the child-caregiver relationship is shown. Expand
Is there a relationship between overweight and obesity and mental health problems in 4- to 5-year-old Australian children?
Although obese 4- to 5-year-old boys had more mental health problems than nonoverweight boys, differences between the groups were small and substantially reduced when analyses controlled for children's sociodemographic characteristics. Expand
Maternal general health and children's cognitive development and behaviour in the early years: findings from the Millennium Cohort Study.
There is evidence of an association via engagement and caregiving which links maternal health to children's development and evidence of the influence of underlying socio-demographic disadvantage. Expand
Childhood overweight and parent- and teacher-reported behavior problems: evidence from a prospective study of kindergartners.
  • A. Datar, R. Sturm
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine
  • 2004
OBJECTIVES To determine if there is a relationship between overweight and behavior problems among children as young as 5 years old by studying the association between overweight and behavioral healthExpand
Trends in height and BMI of 6-year-old children during the nutrition transition in Chile.
Tallness is significantly associated with increased obesity risk in children, while stunting is also associated, but to a lesser degree. Expand