Determinants of Chronic Total Occlusion in Patients With Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease.


Chronic total occlusion (CTO) is a common finding in 40% of the patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The aim of this study was to investigate the determinants of CTO in patients with PAD. The study included a total of 211 nonanemic patients with PAD. All patients were categorized according to the Fontaine classification. In lower extremity… (More)
DOI: 10.1177/0003319716641827


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