Determinants and utility of the anion gap in predicting hyperlactatemia in cattle.

@article{Constable1997DeterminantsAU,
  title={Determinants and utility of the anion gap in predicting hyperlactatemia in cattle.},
  author={Peter D Constable and Robert N. Streeter and George J Koenig and Nigel R. Perkins and H M Gohar and Dawn E. Morin},
  journal={Journal of veterinary internal medicine},
  year={1997},
  volume={11 2},
  pages={71-9}
}
The objectives of this study were to investigate the determinants of the anion gap (AG) in cattle and to evaluate the utility of AG in detecting hyperlactatemia in sick neonatal calves and adult cattle. The AG was calculated as AG = ([Na+] + [K+])-([Cl-] + [HCO-3]), with all values in mEq/L. The AG of healthy neonatal calves (n = 16) was 29.6 +/- 6.2 mEq/L (mean +/- SD), and the blood L-lactate concentration ranged from 0.5 to 1.2 mM/L. The AG was significantly (P < .05) correlated with serum… CONTINUE READING

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