Determinants and Within-Person Variability of Urinary Cadmium Concentrations among Women in Northern California

BACKGROUND Cadmium (Cd) is a toxic metal associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Urinary Cd (U-Cd) concentration is considered a biomarker of long-term exposure. OBJECTIVES Our objectives were to evaluate the within-person correlation among repeat samples and to identify predictors of U-Cd concentrations. METHODS U-Cd concentrations… (More)