Detection of subgingival calculus through oral gum in vitro using two-photon fluorescence microscopy

Abstract

Periodontal disease is one of the main chronic infectious diseases of oral cavity and the principal cause of tooth loss in humans. The main cause of periodontal disease is the bacteria in calculus or plaque to cause the gum inflamed. Therefore detection and removal of subgingival calculus remains important to all periodontal therapy. However, subgingival… (More)

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