Detection of pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae in patient with cirrhosis by contrast 2D echocardiography.

@article{Hind1981DetectionOP,
  title={Detection of pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae in patient with cirrhosis by contrast 2D echocardiography.},
  author={Charles R. K. Hind and Catherine Mee-ming Wong},
  journal={Gut},
  year={1981},
  volume={22 12},
  pages={
          1042-4
        }
}
A case of multiple pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae associated with cirrhosis of the liver is described. The diagnosis was made by contrast two-dimensional echocardiography and confirmed by cardiac catheterisation and pulmonary angiography. As it is a sensitive and non-invasive technique, contrast two-dimensional echocardiography may be a useful screening test in cyanotic patients with liver disease in whom the presence of pulmonary fistulae is suspected. 

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