Detection of non-prescription heroin markers in urine with liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry.

@article{Bogusz2001DetectionON,
  title={Detection of non-prescription heroin markers in urine with liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry.},
  author={Maciej J. Bogusz and Rolf Dieter Maier and Manfred Erkens and U Kohls},
  journal={Journal of analytical toxicology},
  year={2001},
  volume={25 6},
  pages={431-8}
}
The planned introduction of a prescription heroin program in Germany created a need for differentiation between non-prescription and prescribed diamorphine use. The following substances were chosen as markers of non-prescription heroin: acetylcodeine (AC); its metabolites codeine (C) and codeine 6-glucuronide (C6G); papaverine (P); and noscapine (N… CONTINUE READING