Detection of individual gas molecules adsorbed on graphene.

@article{Schedin2007DetectionOI,
  title={Detection of individual gas molecules adsorbed on graphene.},
  author={Fred Schedin and Andre K. Geim and S. V. Morozov and Ernie W. Hill and Peter Blake and Mikhail I. Katsnelson and Kostya S. Novoselov},
  journal={Nature materials},
  year={2007},
  volume={6 9},
  pages={
          652-5
        }
}
The ultimate aim of any detection method is to achieve such a level of sensitivity that individual quanta of a measured entity can be resolved. In the case of chemical sensors, the quantum is one atom or molecule. Such resolution has so far been beyond the reach of any detection technique, including solid-state gas sensors hailed for their exceptional sensitivity. The fundamental reason limiting the resolution of such sensors is fluctuations due to thermal motion of charges and defects, which… Expand
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