Detection of cerebral injury after total circulatory arrest and profound hypothermia by estimation of specific creatine kinase isoenzyme levels using monoclonal antibody techniques.

Abstract

New 2-site labeled monoclonal antibody techniques were used to measure serially plasma levels of brain-type creatine kinase (CK-BB), heart-type creatine kinase (CK-MB) and muscle-type creatine kinase (CK-MM) during a 20-hour postoperative period in 24 infants after deep hypothermia and total circulatory arrest used in pediatric cardiac surgery. A control group of 7 children undergoing cardiovascular procedures without extracorporeal circulation or circulatory arrest also were studied. There were marked increases in CK-MB and CK-BB levels in the circulatory arrest group but not in the closed group. CK-BB increased from 3.2 +/- 0.5 to 27 +/- 10 ng/ml and CK-MB from 5.9 +/- 2.1 to 137 +/- 12 ng/ml. The CK-MM concentrations increased from 299 +/- 91 and 194 +/- 49 ng/ml to 1,220 +/- 274 and 1,322 +/- 142 ng/ml in the closed and circulatory arrest groups, respectively. Peak levels of CK-MB and CK-BB occurred an average of 133 and 127 minutes, respectively, after reperfusion. The half-time of CK-BB differed significantly from that of CK-MB (149 +/- 15 vs 359 +/- 20 minutes). The arrest time had a more marked effect on CK-BB concentration than on CK-MB and CK-MM concentrations. Arteriointernal jugular venous concentration differences were consistently negative for CK-BB in the circulatory arrest group, but not for CK-MM and CK-MB.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Cite this paper

@article{Rossi1986DetectionOC, title={Detection of cerebral injury after total circulatory arrest and profound hypothermia by estimation of specific creatine kinase isoenzyme levels using monoclonal antibody techniques.}, author={Richard F Rossi and R H Ekroth and Christopher R Lincoln and Adele Jackson and Rod J Thompson and Michael J H Scallan and Vella Tsang}, journal={The American journal of cardiology}, year={1986}, volume={58 13}, pages={1236-41} }