Detection of autoantibodies to amylase by ELISA: comparison of detection of macroamylase and free autoantibody.

Abstract

New ELISAs for detecting macroamylase or free autoantibodies to amylase were tested with 48 samples that had been characterized by gel chromatography and electrophoresis. The macroamylase ELISA, with anti-IgG or anti-IgA for detection, detected macroamylase in 28 of 33 samples known to contain macroamylase (85% sensitivity), whereas the ELISA for free autoantibody to amylase was positive for only 11 samples. Specificities of both ELISAs were 93%. Among 28 true positives detected with the macroamylase ELISA, 22 contained IgA, 3 contained IgG, and 3 contained both immunoglobulins. Detection of IgM added no true positives. ELISA responses (y) were proportional to log [macroamylase concentration by chromatography (x)] from 0 to 1200 U/L: y = 5.15 x + 1.66; r = 0.72; Sy x = 1.65. As new tools for detecting macroenzymes consisting of enzyme-autoantibody complexes, the ELISAs show that some autoantibodies are detected more sensitively as antibody-antigen complexes than as free antibody.

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Cite this paper

@article{Hortin1994DetectionOA, title={Detection of autoantibodies to amylase by ELISA: comparison of detection of macroamylase and free autoantibody.}, author={Glen L. Hortin and A L Summerfield and Timothy R Wilhite and Carl H. Smith and Earl L. Branum and John F. O'Brien and Michael L Landt}, journal={Clinical chemistry}, year={1994}, volume={40 12}, pages={2254-9} }