Detection of a particle shower at the Glashow resonance with IceCube.

@article{Aartsen2021DetectionOA,
  title={Detection of a particle shower at the Glashow resonance with IceCube.},
  author={Mark G. Aartsen and R. U. Abbasi and Markus Ackermann and J. H. Adams and Juan Antonio Aguilar and Markus Ahlers and Maximilian Ahrens and Cyril Martin Alispach and Najia Moureen Binte Amin and Karen Andeen and Tyler Brooks Anderson and I. Ansseau and Gisela Anton and Carlos A. Arg{\"u}elles and Jan Auffenberg and Spencer N. Axani and Hadis Bagherpour and Xinhua Bai and Aswathi Balagopal V. and A. Barbano and Steven W. Barwick and B. Bastian and V. Basu and V. Baum and S. Baur and Ryan Bay and James J. Beatty and Kathrin Becker and Julia K. Becker Tjus and C. Bellenghi and Segev BenZvi and David Berley and Elisa Bernardini and Dave Z. Besson and Gary Binder and Daniel Bindig and Erik Blaufuss and S. Blot and Christian Bohm and Sebastian B{\"o}ser and Olga Botner and J{\"u}rgen B{\"o}ttcher and {\'E}tienne Bourbeau and James Bourbeau and F. Bradascio and J. Braun and Stephanie Bron and Jannes Brostean-Kaiser and A. Burgman and J. Buscher and Raffaela Busse and M. A. Campana and Tessa Carver and C. Chen and E. Cheung and Dmitry Chirkin and S. Choi and B. A. Clark and Ken Clark and Lew Classen and A. Coleman and Gabriel H. Collin and J. M. Conrad and Paul Coppin and P. Correa and D. F. Cowen and R. Cross and P. Dave and Cath{\'e}rine De Clercq and James DeLaunay and Hans Peter Dembinski and Kunal Deoskar and Sam De Ridder and Abhishek Desai and Paolo Desiati and K. D. de Vries and Gwenha{\"e}l de Wasseige and M. de With and Tyce DeYoung and S. Dharani and Alonso Diaz and Juan Carlos D{\'i}az-V{\'e}lez and H. Dujmovic and Matthew Dunkman and Michael DuVernois and Emily Dvorak and Thomas Ehrhardt and Philipp Eller and Ralph Engel and Paul A. Evenson and Sam Fahey and Ali R. Fazely and Anatoli Fedynitch and John Felde and A. T. Fienberg and Kirill Filimonov and Chad Finley and Leander Fischer and D. Fox and Anna Franckowiak and E. Friedman and A. Fritz and Thomas K. Gaisser and J. Gallagher and E. Ganster and Simone Garrappa and Lisa Marie Gerhardt and A. Ghadimi and Theo Glauch and Thorsten Gl{\"u}senkamp and Azriel Goldschmidt and J. G. Gonzalez and S. Goswami and Darren Grant and Timoth{\'e}e Gr{\'e}goire and Zachary Griffith and Spencer Griswold and M{\"u}nevver G{\"u}nd{\"u}z and Christian Haack and Allan Hallgren and Robert Halliday and L. Halve and Francis Halzen and Kael D. Hanson and John Hardin and Andreas Haungs and S. Hauser and Dustin Hebecker and Patrick Heix and Klaus Helbing and Robert Eugene Hellauer and Felix Henningsen and Stephanie Virginia Hickford and Joshua Hignight and Claire E. Hill and Gary C. Hill and K. D. Hoffman and Ruth Hoffmann and Tobias Hoinka and Ben Hokanson-Fasig and Kotoyo Hoshina and F. Huang and Martin E. Huber and T. Huber and Klas Hultqvist and Mirco H{\"u}nnefeld and Raamis Hussain and Seongjin In and N. Iovine and Aya Ishihara and Mattias Jansson and George S. Japaridze and Minjin Jeong and B. J. P. Jones and Frederic Jonske and R. Joppe and D. Kang and W. Kang and Xiaoping Kang and Alexander Kappes and David Kappesser and Timo Karg and M. Karl and Albrecht Karle and Uli Katz and Matthew Kauer and Moritz Kellermann and John Lawrence Kelley and Ali Kheirandish and J. H. Kim and Ken'ichi Kin and T. Kintscher and Joanna Kiryluk and Teresa Kittler and Spencer R. Klein and Ramesh Koirala and Hermann Kolanoski and Lutz K{\"o}pke and Claudio Kopper and Sandro Kopper and D. Jason Koskinen and P. Koundal and M. Kovacevich and Marek Kowalski and Kai Michael Krings and G. Kr{\"u}ckl and N. Kulacz and Naoko Kurahashi and Andreas L Kyriacou and C. Lagunas Gualda and Justin Lanfranchi and Michael James Larson and F. Lauber and Jeffrey Lazar and K. Leonard and A. Leszczyńska and Y. Li and Q. R. Liu and E. Lohfink and C. J. Lozano Mariscal and L. Lu and Fabrizio Lucarelli and A. Ludwig and Jan D. L{\"u}nemann and W. Luszczak and Yang Lyu and W. Y. Ma and J. Madsen and Giuliano Maggi and K. Mahn and Yuya Makino and P. Mallik and Sarah Mancina and Ioana Codrina Mariş and Reina Maruyama and Keiichi Mase and Ryan Maunu and Frank McNally and Kevin J. Meagher and Morten Medici and Alberto Martin Gago Medina and M. Meier and Stephan Meighen-Berger and Jennifer Merz and Jessica Micallef and Daniela Mockler and G. Moment{\'e} and Teresa Montaruli and R. W. Moore and Robert Morse and M. Moulai and Peter Muth and R. Naab and Ryo Nagai and Uwe Naumann and Jannis Necker and Gary L. Neer and L.V.T. Nguyen and Hans Niederhausen and M. U. Nisa and Sarah C. Nowicki and David R. Nygren and A. Obertacke Pollmann and Marie Johanna Oehler and Alexander R. Olivas and E. O’Sullivan and Hershal Pandya and Daria Pankova and N. Park and George K. Parker and E. N. Paudel and Patrick Peiffer and Carlos P{\'e}rez de los Heros and Saskia Philippen and Damian Pieloth and Sarah Pieper and Alex Pizzuto and M. Plum and Yuiry Popovych and Alessio Porcelli and M. Prado Rodriguez and P. Buford Price and Gerald T. Przybylski and C. Raab and Amirreza Raissi and Mohamed Rameez and Ludwig Rauch and Katherine Rawlins and Immacolata Carmen Rea and A. Rehman and Ren{\'e} Reimann and Matthew Relich and Max Renschler and Giovanni Renzi and Elisa Resconi and Simeon Reusch and Wolfgang Rhode and Michael Richman and Benedikt Riedel and S. M. Robertson and Gerrit Roellinghoff and Martin Rongen and Carsten Rott and Tim Ruhe and Dirk Ryckbosch and D. Rysewyk Cantu and Ibrahim Safa and S. E. Sanchez Herrera and A. Sandrock and J. Sandroos and Marcos Santander and Subir Sarkar and Konstancja Satalecka and M. Scharf and Merlin Schaufel and Harald Schieler and Philipp Schlunder and Timothy W. Schmidt and A. Schneider and J. Schneider and F. G. Schr{\"o}der and L. Schumacher and S. Sclafani and David Seckel and Surujhdeo Seunarine and Shefali Shefali and M. Silva and Ben Smithers and Robert Snihur and J. Soedingrekso and Dennis Soldin and M. Song and G. M. Spiczak and Christian Spiering and J. Stachurska and Michael Stamatikos and Todor Stanev and Robert Stein and J. Stettner and Anna Steuer and Thorsten Stezelberger and Robert G. Stokstad and Nora Linn Strotjohann and T. St{\"u}rwald and T. Stuttard and Gregory W. Sullivan and Ignacio J. Taboada and F. Tenholt and Samvel Ter-Antonyan and Andrii Terliuk and Serap Tilav and K. Tollefson and L. Tomankova and Christoph T{\"o}nnis and Simona Toscano and Delia Tosi and A. Trettin and Maria Tselengidou and Chun Fai Tung and Andrea Turcati and Roxanne Turcotte and C. F. Turley and Jean Pierre Twagirayezu and Bunheng Ty and Elisabeth Unger and M. A. Unland Elorrieta and Justin Vandenbroucke and Daan van Eijk and Nick van Eijndhoven and David Vannerom and Jakob van Santen and S. Verpoest and Matthias Vraeghe and Christian Walck and A. Wallace and Nancy Wandkowsky and Travis B. Watson and C. Weaver and Andreas Weindl and Matthew J Weiss and J. Weldert and C. Wendt and Johannes Werthebach and B. J. Whelan and Nathan Whitehorn and Klaus Wiebe and Christopher Wiebusch and D. R. W. Williams and M. Wolf and Terri R. Wood and Kurt Woschnagg and Gerrit Wrede and Johan Wulff and X. Xu and Y. Xu and Juan Pablo Y{\'a}{\~n}ez and Shigeru Yoshida and T. Yuan and Z. Zhang and M. Z{\"o}cklein},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2021},
  volume={591 7849},
  pages={
          220-224
        }
}
The Glashow resonance describes the resonant formation of a W- boson during the interaction of a high-energy electron antineutrino with an electron1, peaking at an antineutrino energy of 6.3 petaelectronvolts (PeV) in the rest frame of the electron. Whereas this energy scale is out of reach for currently operating and future planned particle accelerators, natural astrophysical phenomena are expected to produce antineutrinos with energies beyond the PeV scale. Here we report the detection by the… 

Relic neutrinos at accelerator experiments

We present a new technique for observing low energy neutrinos with the aim of detecting the cosmic neutrino background using ion storage rings. Utilising high energy targets exploits the quadratic

Unified thermal model for photohadronic neutrino production in astrophysical sources

High-energy astrophysical neutrino fluxes are, for many applications, modeled as simple power laws as a function of energy. While this is reasonable in the case of neutrino production in hadronuclear

Neutrinos and their interactions with matter

Neutrinos from near and far: Results from the IceCube Neutrino Observatory

Instrumenting a gigaton of ice at the geographic South Pole, the IceCube Neutrino Observatory has been at the forefront of groundbreaking scientific discoveries over the past decade. These include the

Proposal for a neutrino telescope in South China Sea

Cosmic rays were first discovered over a century ago, however the origin of their high-energy component remains elusive. Uncovering astrophysical neutrino sources would provide smoking gun evidence

Charged Higgs effects in IceCube: PeV events and NSIs

Abstract Extensions of the Standard Model with charged Higgs, having a non-negligible coupling with neutrinos, can have interesting implications vis-à-vis neutrino experiments. Such models can leave

Probing the environments surrounding ultrahigh energy cosmic ray accelerators and their implications for astrophysical neutrinos

We explore inferences on ultrahigh energy cosmic ray (UHECR) source environments – constrained by the spectrum and composition of UHECRs and non-observation of extremely high energy neutrinos – and

Probing Neutrino Mass Models through Resonances at Neutrino Telescopes

We study the detection prospects of relatively light charged scalars in radiative Majorana neutrino mass models, such as the Zee model and its variants using scalar leptoquarks, at current and future

Search for high-energy neutrino emission from radio-bright AGN

We investigate the possibility that radio-bright active galactic nuclei (AGN) are responsible for the TeV–PeV neutrinos detected by IceCube. We use an unbinned maximum-likelihood-ratio method, 10

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 58 REFERENCES

Astrophysical neutrino production diagnostics with the Glashow resonance

We study the Glashow resonance ν̄e + e− → W− → hadrons at 6.3 PeV as diagnostic of the production processes of ultra-high energy neutrinos. The focus lies on describing the physics of neutrino

Evidence for High-Energy Extraterrestrial Neutrinos at the IceCube Detector

TLDR
The presence of a high-energy neutrino flux containing the most energetic neutrinos ever observed is revealed, including 28 events at energies between 30 and 1200 TeV, although the origin of this flux is unknown and the findings are consistent with expectations for a neutRino population with origins outside the solar system.

Improving the directional reconstruction of PeV hadronic cascades in IceCube

Many neutrino interactions measured by the IceCube Neutrino Observatory produce only hadronic showers, which appear as almost point-like light emission due to the large detector spacing (125 m). At

Update of a Combined Analysis of the High-Energy Cosmic Neutrino Flux at the IceCube Detector

With the discovery of a high-energy cosmic neutrino flux, the IceCube Neutrino Observatory, located at the geographical South Pole, has opened the field of neutrino astronomy. While evidence for

Multi-flavour PeV neutrino search with IceCube

The IceCube observatory, located at the South Pole has been completed in 2010 and is the largest neutrino detector in the world. PeV neutrinos have been discovered in previous analyses which were

Observation of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos in three years of IceCube data.

TLDR
Results from an analysis with a third year of data from the complete IceCube detector are consistent with the previously reported astrophysical flux in the 100 TeV-PeV range at the level of 10(-8)  GeV cm-2 s-1 sr-1 per flavor and reject a purely atmospheric explanation for the combined three-year data at 5.7σ.

PROPOSAL: A tool for propagation of charged leptons

First observation of PeV-energy neutrinos with IceCube.

TLDR
These two neutrino-induced events could be a first indication of an astrophysical neutrinos flux; the moderate significance, however, does not permit a definitive conclusion at this time.

Characteristics of the Diffuse Astrophysical Electron and Tau Neutrino Flux with Six Years of IceCube High Energy Cascade Data.

TLDR
This analysis provides the most detailed characterization of the neutrino flux at energies below ∼100  TeV compared to previous IceCube results, and suggests the existence of astrophysical neutrinos sources characterized by dense environments which are opaque to gamma rays.

Characterization of the Astrophysical Diffuse Neutrino Flux with IceCube High-Energy Starting Events

  • A. Schneider
  • Physics
    Proceedings of 36th International Cosmic Ray Conference — PoS(ICRC2019)
  • 2019
The IceCube neutrino observatory has established the existence of an astrophysical diffuse neutrino component above $\sim100$ TeV. This discovery was made using the high-energy starting event sample,
...