Detection of Weak Lensing by a Cluster of Galaxies at z = 0.83

  title={Detection of Weak Lensing by a Cluster of Galaxies at z = 0.83},
  author={Gerard Anthony Luppino and Nick Kaiser},
  journal={The Astrophysical Journal},
  pages={20 - 28}
We report the detection of weak gravitational lensing of faint, distant background galaxies by the rich, X-ray luminous cluster of galaxies MS 1054-03 at z = 0.83. This is the first measurement of weak lensing by a bona fide cluster at such a high redshift. We detect tangential shear at the 5%-10% level over a range of radii 50'' ≲ r ≲ 250'' centered on the optical position of the cluster. Two-dimensional mass reconstruction using galaxies with 21.5 < I < 25.5 shows a strong peak which… 
Hubble Space Telescope Weak-Lensing Study of the z=0.83 Cluster MS 1054–03
We have measured the weak gravitational lensing of faint, distant background galaxies by MS 1054-03, a rich and X-ray luminous cluster of galaxies at a redshift of z = 0.83, using a two-color mosaic
Weak Gravitational Lensing by a Sample of X-Ray Luminous Clusters of Galaxies. I. The Data Set
We present weak gravitational lensing mass measurements of a sample of 38 highly X-ray luminous clusters of galaxies with well-defined selection criteria. The clusters were observed with either
Weak Lensing Analysis of Cl 1358+62 Using Hubble Space Telescope Observations
We report on the detection of weak gravitational lensing of faint, distant background objects by Cl 1358+62, a rich cluster of galaxies at a redshift of z = 0.33. The observations consist of a large,
A Massive Cluster of Galaxies at z = 0.996
We report the identification of a cluster of galaxies around the high-redshift radio galaxy 3CR 184 at z = 0.996. The identification is supported by an excess of galaxies observed in projection in
The galaxy-subhalo connection in low-redshift galaxy clusters from weak gravitational lensing
We measure the gravitational lensing signal around satellite galaxies in a sample of galaxy clusters at $z<0.15$ by combining high-quality imaging data from the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope with a
A comparison of weak-lensing masses and X-ray properties of galaxy clusters
We present measurements of the masses of 20 X-ray luminous clusters of galaxies at intermediate redshifts, determined from a weak-lensing analysis of deep archival R-band data obtained using the
Weak-Lensing Detection of Cl 1604+4304 at z = 0.90
We present a weak-lensing analysis of the high-redshift cluster Cl 1604+4304. At z = 0.90, this is the highest redshift cluster yet detected with weak lensing. It is also one of a sample of
Measurement of the Bias Parameter from Weak Lensing
We have measured the correlation between the lensing signal induced by (dark) matter and the number counts of galaxies on scales ranging from 0.15 to 3.0 h Mpc (which correspond to aperture radii of
Constraints on the shapes of galaxy dark matter haloes from weak gravitational lensing
We study the shapes of galaxy dark matter haloes by measuring the anisotropy of the weak gravitational lensing signal around galaxies in the second Red-sequence Cluster Survey (RCS2). We determine
Galaxy-Galaxy Lensing in the Hubble Deep Field
A tangential distortion of background source galaxies around foreground lens galaxies in the Hubble Deep Field is detected at the 99.3% confidence level. An important element of our analysis is the


Gravitational Lensing of Distant Field Galaxies by Rich Clusters: II. Cluster Mass Distributions.
We construct a photometric catalogue of very faint galaxies (I < 25.5) using deep CCD images taken with the 4.2m William Herschel telescope taken of fields centred on two distant X-ray luminous
Detection of massive forming galaxies at redshifts z>l
THE complex problem of when and how galaxies formed has only recently become susceptible to direct attack. It has been known for some time that the excess of blue galaxies counted at faint
Kaiser & Squires have proposed a technique for mapping the dark matter in galaxy clusters using the coherent weak distortion of background galaxy images caused by gravitational lensing. We
The extended medium sensitivity survey distant cluster sample - X-ray data and interpretation of the luminosity evolution
The X-ray properties of a cluster of galaxies subsample of the Einstein Extended Medium Sensitivity Survey is described. A summary of this sample and its implication has been presented previously;
A faint galaxy redshift survey to B=24
Using the multislit LDSS-2 spectrograph on the {\it William Herschel Telescope} we have completed a redshift survey in the magnitude range $22.5 1$ and includes the highest redshift galaxy
Dark Matter in MS 1224 from Distortion of Background Galaxies
We explore the dark matter distribution in ms1224.7+2007 using the gravitational distortion of the images of faint background galaxies. Projected mass image reconstruction reveals a highly
Redshift Clustering in the Hubble Deep Field
We present initial results from a redshift survey carried out with the low-resolution imaging spectrograph on the 10 m W. M. Keck Telescope in the Hubble Deep Field. In the redshift distribution of
A systematic survey for distant galaxy clusters
A photographic survey for faint clusters of galaxies has been carried out with fine-grained photographic emulsions using the 1.2 m Schmidt and 5 m Hale telescopes, as well as the 4 m Mayall
Biased Cold Dark Matter Theory: Trouble from Rich Clusters?
The expected population of rich clusters in a cold dark matter (CDM)-dominated universe is extremely sensitive to the spectrum normalization, the inverse of which defines the bias parameter b. Recent
The EMSS catalog of x-ray-selected clusters of galaxies. 1. An atlas of CCD images of 41 distant clusters
An atlas of deep, wide-field R-band charge coupled device (CCD) images of a complete sample of distant, X-ray-selected clusters of galaxies is presented. These clusters are the 41 most distant (z is