Detection of Supermassive Black Holes in Two Virgo Ultracompact Dwarf Galaxies

@article{Ahn2017DetectionOS,
  title={Detection of Supermassive Black Holes in Two Virgo Ultracompact Dwarf Galaxies},
  author={Christopher P. Ahn and Anil C. Seth and Mark den Brok and Jay Strader and Holger Baumgardt and Remco van den Bosch and Igor V. Chilingarian and Matthias J. Frank and Michael Hilker and Richard M. McDermid and Steffen Mieske and Aaron J. Romanowsky and Lee R. Spitler and Jean P. Brodie and Nadine Neumayer and Jonelle L. Walsh},
  journal={The Astrophysical Journal},
  year={2017},
  volume={839},
  pages={72}
}
We present the detection of supermassive black holes (BHs) in two Virgo ultracompact dwarf galaxies (UCDs), VUCD3 and M59cO. We use adaptive optics assisted data from the Gemini/NIFS instrument to derive radial velocity dispersion profiles for both objects. Mass models for the two UCDs are created using multi-band Hubble Space Telescope imaging, including the modeling of mild color gradients seen in both objects. We then find a best-fit stellar mass-to-light ratio (M/L) and BH mass by combining… 
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