Detection of α-thalassemia-1 Southeast Asian and Thai Type Deletions and β-thalassemia 3.5-kb Deletion by Single-tube Multiplex Real-time PCR with SYBR Green1 and High-resolution Melting Analysis

Abstract

BACKGROUND Prevention and control of thalassemia requires simple, rapid, and accurate screening tests for carrier couples who are at risk of conceiving fetuses with severe thalassemia. METHODS Single-tube multiplex real-time PCR with SYBR Green1 and high-resolution melting (HRM) analysis were used for the identification of α-thalassemia-1 Southeast Asian (SEA) and Thai type deletions and β-thalassemia 3.5-kb gene deletion. The results were compared with those obtained using conventional gap-PCR. DNA samples were derived from 28 normal individuals, 11 individuals with α-thalassemia-1 SEA type deletion, 2 with α-thalassemia-1 Thai type deletion, and 2 with heterozygous β-thalassemia 3.5-kb gene deletion. RESULTS HRM analysis indicated that the amplified fragments from α-thalassemia-1 SEA type deletion, α-thalassemia-1 Thai type deletion, β-thalassemia 3.5-kb gene deletion, and the wild-type β-globin gene had specific peak heights at mean melting temperature (T(m)) values of 86.89℃, 85.66℃, 77.24℃, and 74.92℃, respectively. The results obtained using single-tube multiplex real-time PCR with SYBR Green1 and HRM analysis showed 100% consistency with those obtained using conventional gap-PCR. CONCLUSIONS Single-tube multiplex real-time PCR with SYBR Green1 and HRM analysis is a potential alternative for routine clinical screening of the common types of α- and β-thalassemia large gene deletions, since it is simple, cost-effective, and highly accurate.

DOI: 10.3343/kjlm.2011.31.3.138

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@inproceedings{Pornprasert2011DetectionO, title={Detection of α-thalassemia-1 Southeast Asian and Thai Type Deletions and β-thalassemia 3.5-kb Deletion by Single-tube Multiplex Real-time PCR with SYBR Green1 and High-resolution Melting Analysis}, author={Sakorn Pornprasert and Thanatcha Wiengkum and Sarinee Srithep and Isarapong Chainoi and Panthong Singboottra and Sanchai Wongwiwatthananukit}, booktitle={The Korean journal of laboratory medicine}, year={2011} }