Detection and effects of harmful algal toxins in Scottish harbour seals and potential links to population decline.

  title={Detection and effects of harmful algal toxins in Scottish harbour seals and potential links to population decline.},
  author={Silje-Kristin Jensen and Jean-Pierre C L Lacaze and Guillaume Hermann and Joanna L Kershaw and Andrew C Brownlow and Andrew D. Turner and Ailsa Hall},
  journal={Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology},
Over the past 15 years or so, several Scottish harbour seal (Phoca vitulina) populations have declined in abundance and several factors have been considered as possible causes, including toxins from harmful algae. Here we explore whether a link could be established between two groups of toxins, domoic acid (DA) and saxitoxins (STXs), and the decline in the harbour seal populations in Scotland. We document the first evidence that harbour seals are exposed to both DA and STXs from consuming… CONTINUE READING


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