# Detection and characterisation of 54 massive companions with the SOPHIE spectrograph. Seven new brown dwarfs and constraints on the brown dwarf desert

@article{Kiefer2019DetectionAC,
title={Detection and characterisation of 54 massive companions with the SOPHIE spectrograph. Seven new brown dwarfs and constraints on the brown dwarf desert},
author={F. Kiefer and G. H'ebrard and J. Sahlmann and S. Sousa and T. Forveille and N. Santos and M. Mayor and M. Deleuil and P. Wilson and S. Dalal and R. D'iaz and G. Henry and J. Hagelberg and M. Hobson and O. Demangeon and V. Bourrier and X. Delfosse and L. Arnold and N. Astudillo-Defru and J. Beuzit and I. Boisse and X. Bonfils and S. Borgniet and F. Bouchy and B. Courcol and D. Ehrenreich and N. Hara and A. Lagrange and C. Lovis and G. Montagnier and C. Moutou and F. Pepe and C. Perrier and J. Rey and A. Santerne and D. S'egransan and S. Udry and A. Vidal-Madjar},
journal={Astronomy and Astrophysics},
year={2019},
volume={631}
}
Context. Brown dwarfs (BD) are substellar objects intermediate between planets and stars with masses of 13-80 MJ. While isolated BDs are most likely produced by gravitational collapse in molecular clouds down to masses of a few MJ, a non-negligible fraction of low-mass companions might be formed through the planet-formation channel in protoplanetary discs. The upper mass limit of objects formed within discs is still observationally unknown, the main reason being the strong dearth of BD… Expand
9 Citations
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