Detecting vascular access dysfunction.


Access flow (QACC) is a major determinant of patency. Access recirculation (AR > 2%), normalized venous intra-access pressure (vPIA/MAP), and QACC are used to detect access dysfunction. We compared these three measures of access function (ultrasound dilution to measure AR and QACC). A total of 779 measurements were performed on 58 arteriovenous fistulas… (More)


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