OBJECTIVE Detecting hepatitis B virus large surface protein (HBLP) with serological method to filtrate the occult HBV infection and study the clinical detection strategy. METHODS Two thousands HBsAg negative stochastic serum samples were collected from the copy tubes in daily work to detect hepatitis B Virus markers (HBVM) with national EHSA regent kits and put them -20 degrees C frostily. The 2000 samples were detected with HBLP and filtrated the positive samples. The HBsAg markers were doubly counterchecked with other two adding kinds of national ELISA regent kits (total 3 kinds) at the filtrated samples. The last samples were doubly tested again with American MONOLISA HBsAg ULTRA regents. HBV DNA levels were quantitative analyzed with fluorescence quantitative PCR (FQ-PCR) and taking the mean results. RESULTS Fifteen HBLP positive samples were detected out from the 2000 serum samples. We educed the conform negative results from the three kinds of national regents but conform positive results from the American MONOLISA HBsAg ULTRA regents in repeating HBsAg detection at the 15 samples. The HBV DNA FQ-PCR quantitative results were all less than 500 copies/mi and divided into two cases hetween 400-500 copies/nil, three cases 300-400 copies/ml, five cases 200-300 copies/ml, four cases 100-200 copies/ml and one case was less than l00copies/ml. CONCLUSION The false HBsAg negative results for serum samples are more generally through national regents than through importations and HBLP results mayhe are positive in these samples. Detecting HBLP marker is propitious to filtrate the occult HBV infection. This study provided a kind of serological reference for actively searching for the detecting strategy in occult HBV infection field.