Detecting Low-Power Primary Signals via Distributed Sensing to Support Opportunistic Spectrum Access
—Cognitive radio operation with opportunistic spectrum access has been proposed to utilize spectrum holes left unused by a primary system owning the spectrum license. The key of cognitive radio operation is the ability to detect weak primary signals and to control the transmission of cognitive users in a way that interference between the two systems is minimized. In this paper we evaluate how a sensor network deployed to provide distributed spectrum sensing can assist cognitive operation. Specifically, we consider sensor networks with regular topology, where a high level of cooperation also means that sensors far from the source of the primary signal are involved in the sensing process. Assuming energy detection and hard-decision combining we derive worst case probabilities of missed detection and false alarm, determine the necessary level of cooperation among the sensors and evaluate how the sensor density and the sensing time affect the performance of distributed sensing.