Detecting Landscape Changes in High Latitude Environments Using Landsat Trend Analysis: 2. Classification

Abstract

Mapping landscape dynamics is necessary to assess cumulative impacts due to climate change and development in Arctic regions. Landscape changes produce a range of temporal reflectance trajectories that can be obtained from remote sensing image time-series. Mapping these changes assumes that their trajectories are unique and can be characterized by magnitude and shape. A companion paper in this issue describes a trajectory visualization method for assessing a range of landscape disturbances. This paper focusses on generating a change map using a time-series of calibrated Landsat Tasseled Cap indices from 1985 to 2011. A reference change database covering the Mackenzie Delta region was created using a number of ancillary datasets to delineate polygons describing 21 natural and human-induced disturbances. Two approaches were tested to classify the Landsat time-series and generate change maps. The first involved profile matching based on trajectory shape and distance, while the second quantified profile shape with regression coefficients that were input to a decision tree classifier. Results indicate that classification of robust linear trend coefficients performed best. A final change map was assessed using bootstrapping and cross-validation, producing an overall accuracy of 82.8% at the level of 21 change classes and 87.3% when collapsed to eight underlying change processes.

DOI: 10.3390/rs61111558

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@article{Olthof2014DetectingLC, title={Detecting Landscape Changes in High Latitude Environments Using Landsat Trend Analysis: 2. Classification}, author={Ian Olthof and Robert H. Fraser}, journal={Remote Sensing}, year={2014}, volume={6}, pages={11558-11578} }