Destruction or Conversion Intention and reaction, Crusaders and Jews, in 1096

@article{Malkiel2001DestructionOC,
  title={Destruction or Conversion Intention and reaction, Crusaders and Jews, in 1096},
  author={David Malkiel},
  journal={Jewish History},
  year={2001},
  volume={15},
  pages={257-280}
}
The argument has long been made that Jews who took their lives during the massacres of the First Crusade in 1096 did so after choosing death over baptism. However, the texts, especially those relating to events in the Rhineland, the site of the greatest violence, do not support the argument. Both Jewish and Christian authors, if anything, suggest that an option to become baptized existed, if at all, only after the first, and deadly, assaults, whose principal driving force was mayhem. Moreover… 

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