Designing nonverbal communication for pedagogical agents: When less is more

  title={Designing nonverbal communication for pedagogical agents: When less is more},
  author={Amy L. Baylor and Soyoung Kim},
  journal={Computers in Human Behavior},
This experimental study employed a 2 2 2 factorial design to investigate the effects of type of instruction (procedural module, attitudinal module), deictic gesture (presence, absence), and facial expression (presence, absence) on student perception of pedagogical agent persona, attitude toward the content, and learning. The interaction effect between type of instruction and agent nonverbal behavior (deictic gestures and facial expression) was also investigated. A total of 236 college students… CONTINUE READING
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