Designing Environmental Field Studies

  title={Designing Environmental Field Studies},
  author={L. Lee Eberhardt and J. M. Thomas},
  journal={Ecological Monographs},
The present paper provides a classification and description of methods for designing environmental studies, with emphasis on techniques as yet little used in ecology. Eight categories of techniques for field studies are defined in terms of the nature of control exerted by the observer, by the presence or absence of a perturbation, and by the domain of study. The first two categories include classical experimental approaches, replicated an unreplicated. Sampling for modeling provides efficient… 

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