Designing Empire for the Civilized East: Colonialism, Polish Nationhood, and German War Aims in the First World War

  title={Designing Empire for the Civilized East: Colonialism, Polish Nationhood, and German War Aims in the First World War},
  author={Mark T. Kettler},
  journal={Nationalities Papers},
  pages={936 - 952}
  • Mark T. Kettler
  • Published 1 November 2019
  • History, Sociology
  • Nationalities Papers
Abstract This article critically reexamines how Germans understood Polish national identity during World War I, and how their perceptions affected German proposals for ruling Polish territory. Recent historiography has emphasized the impact of colonial ideologies and experiences on Germans’ imperial ambitions in Poland. It has portrayed Germans as viewing Poland through a colonial lens, or favoring colonial methods to rule over Polish space. Using the wartime publications of prominent left… 

The Gift of Happy Memories: A World War II Christmas Puppet Play in Ravensbrück

Szopki, Polish musical nativity puppet plays, were a widespread but relatively unstudied artistic response to Nazi occupation among Polish Catholics in Nazi concentration camps. Polish inmates used



Germans, Poland, and colonial expansion to the East : 1850 through the present

Reinventing Poland as German Colonial Territory in the Nineteenth Century: Gustav Freytag's Soll und Haben as Colonial Novel K.Kopp The Prussian Settlement Commission and its Activities in the Land

Warsaw University under German occupation: state building and nation Bildung in Poland during the Great War

The German occupation of Russia's Polish territories from 1915 to 1918 remains one of the least-explored chapters in the history of the Great War. This article examines the policies pursued by the

The birth of the Ostland out of the spirit of colonialism: a postcolonial perspective on the Nazi policy of conquest and extermination

Historical analyses of the German conquest and occupation of ‘the East’ during the Second World War neglect an important tradition that can help in understanding National Socialist politics, namely,

The Archive for Inner Colonization, the German East, and World War I

It was while researching the “frontier” settlements of North America in 1883 that the young agrarian economist Max Sering first envisioned “inner colonization” as key to Germany’s salvation. With the

From Africa to Auschwitz: How German South West Africa Incubated Ideas and Methods Adopted and Developed by the Nazis in Eastern Europe

The German terms Lebensraum and Konzentrationslager, both widely known because of their use by the Nazis, were not coined by the Hitler regime. These terms were minted many years earlier in reference

Germany's Wild East. Constructing Poland as Colonial Space

Kaufmann’s concluding chapter, entitled ‘What Comes after the Classic Welfare State?’, was written originally as the introductory chapter of a report from a major interdisciplinary conference held in

National Socialism Before Nazism: Friedrich Naumann and Theodor Fritsch, 1890-1914

This dissertation is a rethinking and critique of the concept of national socialism. I show that this concept not only emerged in Germany years before Nazism, but also arose within the mainstream of

Germany's Wild East: Constructing Poland as Colonial Space

In the 19th and early 20th centuries, representations of Poland and the Slavic East cast the region as a primitive, undeveloped, or empty space inhabited by a population destined to remain

Absolute Destruction: Military Culture and the Practices of War in Imperial Germany

Freelance writer Joseph Persico, who has written on a broad range of military and political topics, consciously departs from the traditional formula for operational histories in this, his first

Elusive Alliance: The German Occupation of Poland in World War I

Jesse Kauffman explains why Germany's ambitious attempt at nation-building in Poland during WWI failed. The educational and political institutions Germany built for its satellite state could not