Design considerations for Mars photovoltaic systems

  title={Design considerations for Mars photovoltaic systems},
  author={Geoffrey A. Landis and Joseph Appelbaum},
  journal={IEEE Conference on Photovoltaic Specialists},
  pages={1263-1270 vol.2}
Considerations for operation of a photovoltaic power system on Mars are discussed with reference to Viking Lander data. The average solar insolation on Mars is 590 W/m/sup 2/, which is reduced yet further by atmospheric dust. Of major concern are dust storms, which have been observed to occur on local as well as on global scales, and their effect on solar array output. While atmospheric opacity may rise to values ranging from three to nine, depending on storm severity, there is still an… Expand
Dust mitigation for Mars solar arrays
  • G. Landis, P. Jenkins
  • Physics
  • Conference Record of the Twenty-Ninth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2002.
  • 2002
Settling of atmospheric dust onto the surface of the solar array is potentially a lifetime-limiting factor for a power system on any Mars mission. For long-term operation of arrays on Mars, it willExpand
The Solar Spectrum on the Martian Surface and its Effect on Photovoltaic Performance
  • G. Landis, D. Hyatt
  • Environmental Science
  • 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conference
  • 2006
Solar cells operating on the surface of Mars receive a spectrum of illumination different from the AM0 spectrum, since the sunlight is filtered by dust suspended in the atmosphere. This spectrumExpand
Dust on Mars: Materials Adherence Experiment results from Mars Pathfinder
  • G. Landis, P. Jenkins
  • Physics
  • Conference Record of the Twenty Sixth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - 1997
  • 1997
Mars Pathfinder is the first solar-powered probe to operate on the surface of Mars. Pathfinder consists of a lander and a small, autonomous, six-wheel solar-powered rover, "Sojourner". The PathfinderExpand
Dust-induced degradation of solar arrays on Mars
  • G. Landis
  • Environmental Science
  • Proceedings of 1994 IEEE 1st World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion - WCPEC (A Joint Conference of PVSC, PVSEC and PSEC)
  • 1994
The atmosphere of Mars contains a considerable amount of suspended dust. This dust will settle out of the atmosphere and deposit onto the surfaces of solar arrays, resulting in degradation ofExpand
Power system requirements and selection for the space exploration initiative
The Space Exploration Initiative (SEI) seeks to reestablish a US program of manned and unmanned space exploration. The President has called for a program which includes a space station element, aExpand
Mass wasting triggered by seasonal CO2 sublimation under Martian atmospheric conditions: Laboratory experiments
Sublimation is a recognized process by which planetary landscapes can be modified. However, interpretation of whether sublimation is involved in downslope movements on Mars and other bodies isExpand


The Mars climate for a photovoltaic system operation
Detailed information on the climatic conditions on Mars are very desirable for the design of photovoltaic systems for establishing outposts on the Martian surface. The distribution of solarExpand
Solar radiation incident on Mars and the outer planets: Latitudinal, seasonal, and atmospheric effects
Calculations of the daily solar radiation incident at the tops of the atmospheres of Mars and the outer planets and its variability with latitude and season are presented in a series of figures andExpand
Properties and effects of dust particles suspended in the Martian atmosphere
Direct measurements of the optical depth above the two Viking landers are reported for a period covering the summer, fall, and winter seasons in the northern hemisphere, a time period during whichExpand
The influence of global dust storms on the mean seasonal daily insolations at the Martian surface
In this paper, we compare changes in the mean seasonal daily insolations at the Martian surface caused by global dust storms characterized by various atmospheric optical thickness (Τ). TheExpand
The oblateness effect on the mean seasonal daily insolations at the martian surface during global dust storms
In this short paper, the combined effect of global dust storms and the oblateness on the mean seasonal daily insolations at the Martian surface is investigated. Due to the flattening, the meanExpand
Properties of aerosols in the Martian atmosphere, as inferred from Viking lander imaging data
Observations of the Martian sky, Phobos, and the sun were taken with the Viking lander imaging cameras to obtain information on the properties of the atmospheric aerosols. Atmospheric optical depthsExpand
Martian great dust storms: An update
Abstract Observations by the Viking Orbiters and Landers have made substantial contributions to our understanding of the episodic, planetary-scale dust storms on Mars. These and other observationsExpand