Design considerations for Mars photovoltaic systems

  title={Design considerations for Mars photovoltaic systems},
  author={Geoffrey A. Landis and Joseph Appelbaum},
  journal={IEEE Conference on Photovoltaic Specialists},
  pages={1263-1270 vol.2}
  • G. LandisJ. Appelbaum
  • Published 21 May 1990
  • Environmental Science, Physics
  • IEEE Conference on Photovoltaic Specialists
Considerations for operation of a photovoltaic power system on Mars are discussed with reference to Viking Lander data. The average solar insolation on Mars is 590 W/m/sup 2/, which is reduced yet further by atmospheric dust. Of major concern are dust storms, which have been observed to occur on local as well as on global scales, and their effect on solar array output. While atmospheric opacity may rise to values ranging from three to nine, depending on storm severity, there is still an… 

Dust mitigation for Mars solar arrays

  • G. LandisP. Jenkins
  • Physics, Geology
    Conference Record of the Twenty-Ninth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2002.
  • 2002
Settling of atmospheric dust onto the surface of the solar array is potentially a lifetime-limiting factor for a power system on any Mars mission. For long-term operation of arrays on Mars, it will

The Solar Spectrum on the Martian Surface and its Effect on Photovoltaic Performance

  • G. LandisD. Hyatt
  • Physics, Environmental Science
    2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conference
  • 2006
Solar cells operating on the surface of Mars receive a spectrum of illumination different from the AM0 spectrum, since the sunlight is filtered by dust suspended in the atmosphere. This spectrum

Dust on Mars: Materials Adherence Experiment results from Mars Pathfinder

  • G. LandisP. Jenkins
  • Physics
    Conference Record of the Twenty Sixth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - 1997
  • 1997
Mars Pathfinder is the first solar-powered probe to operate on the surface of Mars. Pathfinder consists of a lander and a small, autonomous, six-wheel solar-powered rover, "Sojourner". The Pathfinder

Dust-induced degradation of solar arrays on Mars

  • G. Landis
  • Geology, Physics
    Proceedings of 1994 IEEE 1st World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion - WCPEC (A Joint Conference of PVSC, PVSEC and PSEC)
  • 1994
The atmosphere of Mars contains a considerable amount of suspended dust. This dust will settle out of the atmosphere and deposit onto the surfaces of solar arrays, resulting in degradation of

Power system requirements and selection for the space exploration initiative

The Space Exploration Initiative (SEI) seeks to reestablish a US program of manned and unmanned space exploration. The President has called for a program which includes a space station element, a

Mass wasting triggered by seasonal CO2 sublimation under Martian atmospheric conditions: Laboratory experiments

Sublimation is a recognized process by which planetary landscapes can be modified. However, interpretation of whether sublimation is involved in downslope movements on Mars and other bodies is



The Mars climate for a photovoltaic system operation

Detailed information on the climatic conditions on Mars are very desirable for the design of photovoltaic systems for establishing outposts on the Martian surface. The distribution of solar

Properties and effects of dust particles suspended in the Martian atmosphere

Direct measurements of the optical depth above the two Viking landers are reported for a period covering the summer, fall, and winter seasons in the northern hemisphere, a time period during which

The influence of global dust storms on the mean seasonal daily insolations at the Martian surface

In this paper, we compare changes in the mean seasonal daily insolations at the Martian surface caused by global dust storms characterized by various atmospheric optical thickness (Τ). The

The oblateness effect on the mean seasonal daily insolations at the martian surface during global dust storms

In this short paper, the combined effect of global dust storms and the oblateness on the mean seasonal daily insolations at the Martian surface is investigated. Due to the flattening, the mean

Properties of aerosols in the Martian atmosphere, as inferred from Viking lander imaging data

Observations of the Martian sky, Phobos, and the sun were taken with the Viking lander imaging cameras to obtain information on the properties of the atmospheric aerosols. Atmospheric optical depths

Martian great dust storms: An update

  • R. Zurek
  • Physics, Environmental Science
  • 1982