Design and operational practices for the passivation of spacecraft and launchers at the end of life

@article{Bonnal2007DesignAO,
  title={Design and operational practices for the passivation of spacecraft and launchers at the end of life},
  author={Christophe Bonnal},
  journal={Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering},
  year={2007},
  volume={221},
  pages={925 - 931}
}
  • C. Bonnal
  • Published 1 June 2007
  • Physics
  • Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering
Abstract Passivating spacecraft and upper stages at the end of their operational life is a must: numerous in orbit break-ups have been encountered by all space operators due to a lack of proper passivation leading to an explosion triggered by mixture of hypergolic propellants, pressure buildup, or hyper-velocity collision with a small object. The following paper recalls first the high level guidelines that have to be adopted at international level to achieve proper space debris mitigation… 
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