Design and evaluation of radioactive acetylcholine analogs for mapping brain acetylcholinesterase (AchE) in vivo.


For mapping brain acetylcholinesterase (AchE) in vivo, seven radioactive acetylcholine analogs, N-[14C]methylpiperidyl-3- and 4-acetates, propionates, isobutyrates, and 3-butyrate were newly synthesized and evaluated in mice. The esters readily entered the brain and were hydrolyzed into the hydrophilic metabolite, which was trapped. In brain homogenates, the esters showed a wide range of enzymatic reactivity (about 40-fold), and high specificity for AchE (more than 82%) except the butyrate. Intra-brain distribution of the esters reflected a pattern of AchE activity.

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