Design and evaluation of a new synthetic brain simulator for endoscopic third ventriculostomy.

@article{Breimer2015DesignAE,
  title={Design and evaluation of a new synthetic brain simulator for endoscopic third ventriculostomy.},
  author={Gerben E. Breimer and Vivek Bodani and Thomas Looi and James M. Drake},
  journal={Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics},
  year={2015},
  volume={15 1},
  pages={
          82-8
        }
}
OBJECT Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is an effective but technically demanding procedure with significant risk. Current simulators, including human cadavers, animal models, and virtual reality systems, are expensive, relatively inaccessible, and can lack realistic sensory feedback. The purpose of this study was to construct a realistic, low-cost, reusable brain simulator for ETV and evaluate its fidelity. METHODS A brain silicone replica mimicking normal mechanical properties of a 4… 
Low-cost endoscopic third ventriculostomy simulator with mimetic endoscope.
TLDR
An affordable (US$123, excluding 3D printer), easy-to-use ETV simulator with endoscope that can assist with resident development, allowing them to safely practice use of the endoscope in ETV.
Design and validation of a 3D-printed simulator for endoscopic third ventriculostomy
TLDR
A realistic, low-cost, and reusable simulator for endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) training showed that it could precisely reflect the operators’ ability to perform ETV and could make it more efficient to master basic skills.
Development and validation of a synthetic 3D-printed simulator for training in neuroendoscopic ventricular lesion removal.
TLDR
The authors introduce a synthetic, patient-specific simulator that enables trainees to develop skills for endoscopic ventricular tumor removal and evaluates the model's validity as a training instrument with regard to realism, mechanical proprieties, procedural content, and handling.
Developing a dynamic simulator for endoscopic intraventricular surgeries
TLDR
It is hoped that this simulator model for intraventricular endoscopy is comprehensive as a learning tool in carrying out most of the the surgical procedures currently practised.
Design and Fabrication of a Multi-Material Neurosurgical Simulator for an Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy
TLDR
This study presents the development of a neurosurgical simulator optimized for automated manufacturing, while maintaining anatomical details and a variety of material properties.
Development of synthetic simulators for endoscope-assisted repair of metopic and sagittal craniosynostosis.
TLDR
The simulators found to realistically represent the surgical procedure and can be used to develop the technical skills required for performing an endoscope-assisted craniosynostosis repair are compact, robust, and relatively inexpensive.
Development and evaluation of a patient-specific surgical simulator for endoscopic colloid cyst resection.
TLDR
The simulator may serve as a valuable educational tool to learn the critical steps of endoscopic colloid cyst resection, develop a detailed understanding of intraventricular anatomy, and gain proficiency with bimanual neuroendoscopic techniques.
Creation of a novel simulator for minimally invasive neurosurgery: fusion of 3D printing and special effects.
TLDR
A plug-and-play lifelike ETV training model was developed through a combination of 3D printing and special effects techniques, providing both anatomical and haptic accuracy, thus allowing novice neurosurgeons to gain valuable experience in surgical techniques without exposing patients to risk of harm.
Simulation-based Education for Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy: A Comparison Between Virtual and Physical Training Models.
TLDR
A focus on developing manual dexterity and technical skills using endoscopic equipment in the operating room may be better learned on the physical simulation model, compared with the virtual reality (VR) model.
An examination of factors affecting performance on a patient-specific virtual reality-based ventriculostomy simulator
TLDR
The development of a simulation environment to train residents on the acquisition of an external ventricular drain skill is described, and objective measures of geometric accuracy show promise, but require further development.
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