Desiccation of the Aral Sea: A Water Management Disaster in the Soviet Union

  title={Desiccation of the Aral Sea: A Water Management Disaster in the Soviet Union},
  author={Philip P. Micklin},
  pages={1170 - 1176}
  • P. Micklin
  • Published 2 September 1988
  • Environmental Science
  • Science
The Aral Sea in the Soviet Union, formerly the world's fourth largest lake in area, is disappearing. Between 1960 and 1987, its level dropped nearly 13 meters, and its area decreased by 40 percent. Recession has resulted from reduced inflow caused primarily by withdrawals of water for irrigation. Severe environmental problems have resulted. The sea could dry to a residual brine lake. Local water use is being improved and schemes to save parts of the sea have been proposed. Nevertheless… 

International water management in the Aral Sea basin

ABSTRACT The collapse of the Soviet Union in late 1991 has created five new states in the Aral Sea basin in Central Asia. In addition to the turmoil resulting from this political change, this section

The ecological restoration of delta areas of the Aral Sea

The title of this paper expresses hope that it is possible to undertake ecological restoration of landscapes in deltas of the Aral Sea. The UNEP diagnostic report on the Aral Sea region (UNEP 1992)

Conjunctive Water Management for the Aral Sea Basin

Arid and semi-arid regions of the world have one thing in common: a water shortage. In these areas, there is always more land than water. It is not possible to provide all the land in an arid basin


Desiccation of the Aral Sea is one of the world's most serious ecosystem catastrophes. The cause of the Sea's degradation is massive, consumptive withdrawals of water from the Amu and Syr Daryas.

Running dry: international law and the management of Aral Sea depletion

The Aral Sea disaster is the result of Soviet-era irrigation policy. The collapse of the Soviet Union left the issue under the purview of international law. This essay addresses how this shift has


Aral Sea is a huge terminal lake which is located in the desert of Central Asia. This lake has repeatedly filled and dried due to both natural and human causes over the past 10 millennia. Today, its

Changes in the Aral Sea ecosystems during the period 1960–1990

Salt and water balance in the Aral Sea are described together with the endemic fauna and flora which were mainly of freshwater origin while many of endemic saline species have been lost as the result of competition with the marine ones.

Aral Sea Analogs in the American West

The hydrologic losses due to net evaporation in the Aral Sea have interesting analogs in the interior-drainage basins of the American West. Each of the three places discussed here – the Salton Sea,

Modern hydro‐biological state of the Small Aral sea

Due to water withdrawal for land irrigation purposes, the Aral sea was definitively separated into two lakes, the Small and Large Aral, in the late 1980s. Since then, both lakes have followed their

Potential renaturalisation of lakes as an element building up water resources: An example of Mosina Lake, Poland

  • Ptak Mariusz
  • Environmental Science
    Chinese Geographical Science
  • 2017
Water deficits observed in many regions of the world make it necessary to implement measures intended to improve this situation. Poland is one of the countries with the poorest water resources in



; 0 ;

! " # $% & ' $ ( #) % ( ) %*+, -. ) / 0 1 ' 2 ( 3 '4 $ $ 5 2 6 "7 8 8 9:/ ( ; <= 6 1 ( > 9: ? =: 0 $ > 0:/5 ? <:/5 2 / $ ) /== @ 9@=== @ 9@/== @ @=== $ @/== A 1 2 B ; B# '2 ) ; ( ; % ( > <:< ? :< @

A and V

Osvoyeniya Pustyn

  • 1984

Bortnik and provided by the Institute of Water Problems, USSR Academy of Sciences, and the Hydro Facilities Design Institute (Gidroproyekt)

  • Annual data on the Aral Sea water balance,
  • 1926


    Soviet Life (September 1987), pp

    • 35-36; B. T. Kirsta, Probl. Osvoyeniya Pustyn' 1, 19 (1988); also reported at a meeting with officials of "Karakumstroy," Ashkhabad, Soviet Union, 19 October
    • 1987

    ( Akademiya Nauk SSSR , Moscow , 1963 ) . 3 . 0 . V . Zuyeva , Probl

    • Osvoyeniya Pustyn '

    Vol'ftsun, Chelovek i stikhiya

    • 1983

    Ekonomiko-Geograficheskiye Aspekty Formirovaniya Territorial'nykh

    • Edinits v Vodnom Khozyaystve Strany (Nauka,
    • 1987