Desert One and Its Disorders

@article{Cogan2003DesertOA,
  title={Desert One and Its Disorders},
  author={Charles G. Cogan},
  journal={The Journal of Military History},
  year={2003},
  volume={67},
  pages={201 - 216}
}
Desert One--largely a Special Forces operation--ended in abject failure and cost Jimmy Carter a second term as president. It was not only an organizational failure, due to a splintering of the U.S. armed forces, but a failure of political will and political appreciation. The U.S., confronted virtually for the first time with the new hostile force of Islamic fundamentalism, in the form of a devilish "soft war" scenario put together by Imam Khomeini and his lieutenants, reacted tentatively and… 
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