Description of an early Cretaceous termite (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae) and its associated intestinal protozoa, with comments on their co-evolution

@article{Poinar2009DescriptionOA,
  title={Description of an early Cretaceous termite (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae) and its associated intestinal protozoa, with comments on their co-evolution},
  author={George Poinar},
  journal={Parasites \& Vectors},
  year={2009},
  volume={2},
  pages={12 - 12}
}
  • G. Poinar
  • Published 18 February 2009
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Parasites & Vectors
BackgroundThe remarkable mutualistic associations between termites and protists are in large part responsible for the evolutionary success of these eusocial insects. It is unknown when this symbiosis was first established, but the present study shows that fossil termite protists existed in the Mesozoic.ResultsA new species of termite (Kalotermes burmensis n. sp.) in Early Cretaceous Burmese amber had part of its abdomen damaged, thus exposing trophic stages and cysts of diverse protists. Some… Expand
The termite genus Glyptotermes (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae) in Miocene amber from Ethiopia
A new species of drywood termite (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae) is described from a nearly complete alate specimen preserved in early Miocene Ethiopian amber. Glyptotermes abyssinicus new species isExpand
The oldest known mastotermitids (Blattodea: Termitoidae) and phylogeny of basal termites
TLDR
Five finely preserved termites from the mid‐Cretaceous (Cenomanian) amber of Myanmar provide new information allowing a reanalysis of the phylogeny of basal termites, and both new taxa are assigned to the Mastotermitidae, as they are shown to have synapomorphies that unite the family. Expand
Early Cretaceous protist flagellates (Parabasalia: Hypermastigia: Oxymonada) of cockroaches (Insecta: Blattaria) in Burmese amber
TLDR
Two Early Cretaceous Burmese ambercockroaches contained protists related to mutualistic flagellates occurring in extant Cryptocercus cockroaches and lower termites, and Evolutionary implications of this discovery are discussed. Expand
Phylogeny and ultrastructure of Oxymonas jouteli, a Rostellum-free species, and Opisthomitus longiflagellatus sp. nov., Oxymonadid flagellates from the gut of Neotermes jouteli.
The biodiversity of oxymonadid flagellates in termite hindguts is not fully explored. Many species have been differentiated only by morphological features, and small-celled species have beenExpand
Two new mid-Cretaceous dictyopterans (Umenocoleidae: Vitisminae) from northern Myanmar exemplify taphonomic bias
The genus Perspicuus Koubová, gen. n. with two species, Perspicuus vrsanskyi Mlynský, sp. n. (male) and Perspicuus pilosus Koubová, sp. n. (sex unknown) are described from Myanmar amber; theirExpand
Primitive Termites in Cretaceous Amber from Spain and Canada (Isoptera)
TLDR
Three new taxa highlight the diversity of primitive termites during the Cretaceous and belong to a primitive grade of unassigned termites between Mastotermitaceae and the families Termopsidae, Hodotermitidae, and Archotermopsidae. Expand
New, primitive termites (Isoptera) from Early Cretaceous ambers of France and Lebanon
TLDR
Three new genera and species of primitive termites (Isoptera) are described and described from Early Cretaceous French and Lebanese ambers, highlighting the importance of palaeontological material for understanding isopteran phylogeny as well as the diversifi cation of Isoptera in the latest Jurassic and Early Cretsaceous. Expand
Parasitic cockroaches indicate complex states of earliest proved ants
TLDR
New extinct cockroaches of the still living family Blattidae are reported here from the Cretaceous Myanmar amber and are the earliest known inhabitants of complex ant nests, demonstrating that this specialised myrmecophily originated shortly after ant eusociality and appeared in the fossil record. Expand
Termite coprolites (Insecta: Isoptera) from the Cretaceous of western France : A palaeoecological insight
This paper presents fossil faecal pellets - also named coprolites or frass - attributed to termites, which were found in amber and lignitic clay from the Wealden (Hauterivian-Barremian?), Late AlbianExpand
A review of the status of Coptotermes (Isoptera : Rhinotermitidae) species in Australia with the description of two new small termite species from northern and eastern Australia
TLDR
Two new species are described from the Kimberley region of Western Australia and south-east Queensland respectively, based on morphological and distributional data, and the results of generalised mixed Yule-coalescent analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 54 REFERENCES
Protozoa in Termites of the Genus Amitermes
TLDR
Micro-organisms other than protozoa are very abundant in the intestines of all six species of Amitermes, and they are similar in all. Expand
Characterizing the Ancestors: Paedomorphosis and Termite Evolution
TLDR
It is suggested that the tempo and mode of their evolution confound efforts to determine the phylogenetic relationships among termites, mantids, and cockroaches, and that recognition of the connection between ontogeny and phylogeny in the Dictyoptera is essential to resolving some of the long standing issues regarding the phylogenetics origin and subsequent evolution of the included taxa. Expand
Detritivory, coprophagy, and the evolution of digestive mutualisms in Dictyoptera
TLDR
It is concluded that coprophagy was the key behavior leading to the evolution of hindgut fermentation systems in the stem group of Dictyoptera, and that Proctodeal trophallaxis evolved from pre-existing intraspecific coprophagous behavior when termite ancestors became subsocial. Expand
Cysts and symbionts of Staurojoenina assimilis Kirby from Neotermes
TLDR
In this first description of hypermastigote protist cysts in termite intestines, numerous of these translucent walled spheres in a population of S. assimilis in the hindgut of one pseudergate from a Puerto Rican mangrove community are reported. Expand
Symbioses of flagellates and prokaryotes in the gut of lower termites.
  • M. Ohkuma
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Trends in microbiology
  • 2008
TLDR
Recent advances in molecular approaches have shed new light on species-specific spatial distributions, particularly the cellular associations of flagellated protists and prokaryotes, their functional interactions and coevolutionary relationships. Expand
Septate Gregarines From Reticulitermes Flavipes and Reticulitermes Virginicus (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)
TLDR
These gregarines are believed to be identical to Gregarina termitis Leidy which was described from a single gamont and later erroneously placed in the genus Hirmocystis by Henry. Expand
Systematic differentiation and evolution of flagellates in termites
TLDR
The population of flagellates in termites is one that interests the physiologist because circumstances in this association are particularly favorable for considerations of concomitant phylogeny of hosts and symbiotes. Expand
Symbiotic Associations with Protists
TLDR
Molecular data indicate that these organisms are amongst the most primitive eukaryotes lacking mitochondria; the trichomonads also use a prokaryote-like 70S ribosome. Expand
Termites: Evolution, Sociality, Symbioses, Ecology
TLDR
Theories on the Sociality of Termites M.H. Leuthold, S.A. Kambhampati, P. Eggleton and D.E. Bignell's "Global Patterns of Termite Diversity" are summarized. Expand
Introduction to Symbiosis
TLDR
The general design of the termite gut and morphological variations within different taxa and feeding groups, particularly those of the midgut and hidgut, are reviewed, with emphasis on the intestine as a bioreactor accommodating diverse organisms, many of which are as yet uncultured. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...