Description and analysis of three Homo naledi incudes from the Dinaledi Chamber, Rising Star cave (South Africa).

  title={Description and analysis of three Homo naledi incudes from the Dinaledi Chamber, Rising Star cave (South Africa).},
  author={Marina Elliott and Rolf M. Quam and Shahed Nalla and Darryl J. de Ruiter and John Hawks and Lee R. Berger},
  journal={Journal of human evolution},



The skull of Homo naledi.

Homo naledi, a new species of the genus Homo from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa

Homo naledi is a previously-unknown species of extinct hominin discovered within the Dinaledi Chamber of the Rising Star cave system, Cradle of Humankind, South Africa. This species is characterized

Endocast morphology of Homo naledi from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa

The endocast anatomy of this recently discovered species Homo naledi is described, suggesting that innovations in brain structure were ancestral within the genus Homo.

New fossil remains of Homo naledi from the Lesedi Chamber, South Africa

The Lesedi Chamber skeletal sample extends the knowledge of the morphology and variation of H. naledi, and evidence from both recovery localities shows a consistent pattern of differentiation from other hominin species.

Geological and taphonomic context for the new hominin species Homo naledi from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa

Bone taphonomy indicates that hominin individuals reached the chamber complete, with disarticulation occurring during/after deposition, and preliminary evidence is consistent with deliberate body disposal in a single location, by ahominin species other than Homo sapiens, at an as-yet unknown date.

Homo naledi pelvic remains from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa.

Homo naledi and Pleistocene hominin evolution in subequatorial Africa

H. naledi casts the fossil and archaeological records into a new light, as it is now evident that a diversity of hominin lineages existed in this region, with some divergent lineages contributing DNA to living humans and at least H. nalingi representing a survivor from the earliest stages of diversification within Homo.

A new small-bodied hominin from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia

The discovery of an adult hominin with stature and endocranial volume equal to the smallest-known australopithecines is reported, from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia, and shows that the genus Homo is morphologically more varied and flexible in its adaptive responses than previously thought.

The foot of Homo naledi

The H. naledi foot is predominantly modern human-like in morphology and inferred function, with an adducted hallux, an elongated tarsus, and derived ankle and calcaneocuboid joints, thus providing further evidence of locomotor diversity within both the hominin clade and the genus Homo.

The age of Homo naledi and associated sediments in the Rising Star Cave, South Africa

These age results demonstrate that a morphologically primitive hominin, Homo naledi, survived into the later parts of the Pleistocene in Africa, and indicate a much younger age for the Homo nalingi fossils than have previously been hypothesized based on their morphology.