Descent with modification: the unity underlying homology and homoplasy as seen through an analysis of development and evolution.

@article{Hall2003DescentWM,
  title={Descent with modification: the unity underlying homology and homoplasy as seen through an analysis of development and evolution.},
  author={Brian K. Hall},
  journal={Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society},
  year={2003},
  volume={78 3},
  pages={409-33}
}
  • Brian K. Hall
  • Published 2003 in
    Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical…
Homology is at the foundation of comparative studies in biology at all levels from genes to phenotypes. Homology is similarity because of common descent and ancestry, homoplasy is similarity arrived at via independent evolution. However, given that there is but one tree of life, all organisms, and therefore all features of organisms, share some degree of relationship and similarity one to another. That sharing may be similarity or even identity of structure and the sharing of a most recent… CONTINUE READING

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