Descending control of nociception in insects?

  title={Descending control of nociception in insects?},
  author={Matilda Gibbons and Sajedeh Sarlak and Lars Chittka},
  journal={Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences},
Modulation of nociception allows animals to optimize chances of survival by adapting their behaviour in different contexts. In mammals, this is executed by neurons from the brain and is referred to as the descending control of nociception. Whether insects have such control, or the neural circuits allowing it, has rarely been explored. Based on behavioural, neuroscientific and molecular evidence, we argue that insects probably have descending controls for nociception. Behavioural work shows that… 

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