Derogation of Competitors

  title={Derogation of Competitors},
  author={David M. Buss and Lisa A. Dedden},
  journal={Journal of Social and Personal Relationships},
  pages={395 - 422}
Verbal signals are sometimes used to manipulate the impressions that people form about oneself and others. For the goal of self-enhancement, one can manipulate impressions either by elevating oneself or by derogating others. Five hypotheses about derogation of same-sex competitors were generated from an evolutionary model of human-mate competition. These hypotheses focused on sex differences in the importance that humans attach to external resources, rank, achievements, physical prowess… 


Past research on intrasexual competition for mates has revealed at least four strategies that people may deploy. One of the most frequently used strategies is competitor derogation, such that people

Revisiting judgment of strategic self-promotion and competitor derogation tactics

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A thousand times more beautiful: Priming competitor derogation in women

Prior research on cognitive priming for situations involving potential infidelity indicates that women are vigilant to potential threats to their romantic relationships. Here we examined whether

-67-Intrasexual Competition and Mothers: Perceptions of Those Who Self-promote and Derogate Their Rivals

It has been previously demonstrated that women who utilize the competitor derogation strategy (which requires fierce and explicit tactics to secure resources) are perceived more negatively than those

The influence of sexual orientation on reputational punishment of other women’s behaviour

ABSTRACT The denigration of competitors is an evolved strategy used to give the impression that a rival is less appealing. Evidence indicates that women denigrate other women principally on

Intolerance of sexy peers: intrasexual competition among women.

Results provide strong empirical support for intrasexual competition among women and indicate that women did not want to introduce her to their boyfriend, allow him to spend time alone with her, or be friends with her.

Four strategies used during intrasexual competition for mates

Research on intrasexual competition for mates focused on the strategies of self-promotion and competitor derogation. Although these strategies describe many competitive behaviors, it was predicted

Poaching, promiscuity, and deceit: Combatting mating rivalry in same-sex friendships

If humans faced recurrently over evolutionary history the adaptive problem of competition with same-sex friends for mates, they may have evolved psychological mechanisms designed to prevent and



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Tactics of manipulation showed strong individual difference consistency across contexts, with implications for an interactionist framework of person-environment correspondence, for an expansion of the taxonomic task that faces personality psychology, and for identifying links between personality and other scientific disciplines.

The evolution of human intrasexual competition: tactics of mate attraction.

  • D. Buss
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1988
Four empirical studies were conducted to identify tactics of intrasexual mate competition and to test four evolution-based hypotheses, which supported the basic hypotheses but revealed several predictive failures and unanticipated findings.

Conflict between the sexes: strategic interference and the evocation of anger and upset.

  • D. Buss
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1989
These studies provide modest support for the strategic conflict model and implicate the negative emotions of anger and upset as proximate mechanisms that alert men and women to strategic interference.

Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures

  • D. Buss
  • Psychology
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1989
Abstract Contemporary mate preferences can provide important clues to human reproductive history. Little is known about which characteristics people value in potential mates. Five predictions were

Evolution, traits, and the stages of human courtship: qualifying the parental investment model.

Males had lower requirements for a sexual partner than did females, but were nearly as selective as females when considering requirements for an long-term partner, and females were more selective overall, particularly on status-linked variables.

Measuring the physical in physical attractiveness: quasi-experiments on the sociobiology of female facial beauty

Two quasi-experiments investigated the relation between specific adult female facial features and the attraction, attribution, and altruistic responses of adult males. Precise measurements were

Parent-Offspring Conflict

When parent-offspring relations in sexually reproducing species are viewed from the standpoint of the offspring as well as the parent, conflict is seen to be an expected feature of such relations. In