Corpus ID: 36722682

Dermatophyte Infections -- American Family Physician

  title={Dermatophyte Infections -- American Family Physician},
  • Published 2002
Dermatophytoses Because dermatophytes require keratin for growth, they are restricted to hair, nails, and superficial skin. Thus, these fungi do not infect mucosal surfaces. Dermatophytoses are referred to as “tinea” infections. They are also named for the body site involved. Some dermatophytes are spread directly from one person to another (anthropophilic organisms). Others live in and are transmitted to humans from soil (geophilic organisms), and still others spread to humans from animal… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Rapid detection of dermatophytes from skin and hair
Results indicate that nested PCR may be considered as gold standard for the diagnosis of dermatophytosis and can aid the clinician in initiating prompt and appropriate antifungal therapy. Expand
A Clinicomycological study of Onychomycosis, its Antifungal Susceptibility Pattern and Rapid Detection of Trichophyton Genus from Nail Samples by PCR Analysis of 18S rRNA Gene Internal Transcribed Spacer Region.
The nail changes are not always a reliable marker for predicting the causative organism, and relying only on the clinical manifestation in the diagnosis is often misleading since only 51.33% of the suspected case of onychomycosis showed positivity by culture. Expand
Holistic Approach to Management of Dermatophytosis (Tinea Manum The right, Tinea corporis, Tinea cruris and Sinistra) in Women Age 43 Years with Labor Jobs Daily Wash
Treatment in these patients in the form of counseling to the patient regarding the patient's disease to preventive care and psychosocial stress shift with things are positive, and visible improvement in Ny.N visible lesions after intervention and given his personal hygiene. Expand
Relationship among Short and Long Term of Hypoinsulinemia-Hyperglycemia, Dermatophytosis, and Immunobiology of Mononuclear Phagocytes
It is demonstrated that the time of exposure of HH interferes with the TM infection outcome as well as the immunobiology of mononuclear phagocytes, including fresh monocyte recruitment from bone marrow and PAC activity. Expand
Prevalence of Superficial Mycoses Affecting the Feet of Some Primary Schools Pupils in Jos Metropolis
  • 2017
An investigation was carried out to determine the prevalence of superficial mycoses (Athlete's foot) affecting the feet of some primary schools pupils in Jos metropolis. About 50 pupils each fromExpand
Age and sex prevalence of infectious dermatoses among primary school children in a rural South-Eastern Nigerian community
Impetigo, pyodermas and scabies were significantly more prevalent in the 7-9 age-group; while tinea capitis, tinea corporis, seborrheic dermatitis and pediculosis were more associated with ≥10 age-groups. Expand
Genotyping and Molecular Characterization of Dermatophytes Isolates Collected from Clinical Samples
This work has shown that some atypical microscopic or macroscopic morphology are non-detectable in dermatophytes, and sampling appropriate isolates for research is often troublesome. Expand
A Comparative Study of Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism and Fungal Culture for the Evaluation of Fungal Species in Patients with Tinea Cruris
This study aimed to find whether the PCR-RFLP test could yield the same fungal species result as a fungal culture, and found the species from PCR- RFLP examination was the same with the fungalculture. Expand
Isolation and Identification of Dermatophytes Causing Dermatophytosis at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangladesh
1 Lab consultant, COVID RT-PCR lab, Sheikh Russel National Gastroliver Institute & Hospital, Mohakhali, Dhaka, Bangladesh 2 Professor and Head of the Department, Department of Microbiology, DhakaExpand


Mycotic infections. Effective management of conditions involving the skin, hair, and nails.
Clinical management should include patient education about conditions conducive to fungal propagation, and Oral agents are the primary mode of treatment for fungal infections of the scalp and nails, whereas topical treatments are frontline agents for other superficial skin conditions. Expand
Superficial fungal infection of the skin. Where and how it appears help determine therapy.
It is important that primary care physicians are familiar with the many cutaneous fungal infections and their differential diagnosis to ensure that appropriate therapy is selected. Expand
Diagnosis and management of common tinea infections.
Certain types of tinea may be treated with "pulse" regimens; these innovative therapies lower treatment costs and improve patient compliance. Expand
The Optimal Therapy for Tinea Capitis
Although it is reasonable to continue the use of griseofulvin as first-line therapy at the present time, it is unwise to ignore clear problems that exist with this agent and to look to newer antifungal agents as therapeutic alternatives. Expand
Treating onychomycosis.
With careful monitoring, patients treated with the newer antifungal agents have a good chance of achieving relief from onychomycosis and its complications. Expand
The Use of Itraconazole to Treat Cutaneous Fungal Infections in Children
Itraconazole is effective and safe in the treatment of tinea capitis and other cutaneous fungal infections in children and was also effective in the Treatment of dermatomycoses in 24 children. Expand
Tinea capitis: a current perspective.
  • B. Elewski
  • Medicine
  • Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
  • 2000
Participants should be familiar with the history, epidemiology, and current knowledge of tinea capitis, as well as the newer antifungal agents (ie, itraconazole, fluconazoles, and terbinafine) to treat this infection. Expand
The cost effectiveness of testing for onychomycosis versus empiric treatment of onychodystrophies with oral antifungal agents.
It is more cost effective to first confirm the diagnosis of onychomycosis and then treat only those with infection, rather than administering empiric treatment of thickened nails with oral antifungal agents. Expand
Methods for diagnosing onychomycosis: a comparative study and review of the literature.
When onychomycosis is suspected clinically, PATHPAS of the nail is the single most sensitive of the diagnostic tests evaluated and is practical for clinical and research purposes. Expand
Therapeutic Options for the Treatment of Tinea Capitis Caused by Trichophyton Species: Griseofulvin Versus the New Oral Antifungal Agents, Terbinafine, Itraconazole, and Fluconazole
For the treatment of tinea capitis caused by the Trichophyton species, griseofulvin given for 6 weeks is similar in efficacy to terbinafine, itraconazole, and fluconazole given for 2–3 weeks, each of the agents has a favorable adverse‐effects profile. Expand