Derivation of a polymorphic lineage of Gasteromycetes from boletoid ancestors

  title={Derivation of a polymorphic lineage of Gasteromycetes from boletoid ancestors},
  author={Manfred Binder and Andreas von Bresinsky},
  pages={85 - 98}
The phylogeny of selected gasteromycetes and hymenomycetes was inferred from partial nuclear large subunit rDNA (nuc-lsu, 28S) sequences, delimited by primers LR0R and LR5. Taxon sampling with emphasis on relationships within the Boletales further included some gasteroid groups, which obviously have evolved convergent fruiting body morphology, and therefore remained controversial in taxonomy. This study confirms the close relationship of Geastrales, Gauteriales and Phallales and the presumable… 

Molecular phylogenetic analyses redefine seven major clades and reveal 22 new generic clades in the fungal family Boletaceae

The results indicated that the characters frequently used in the morphology-based taxonomy of Boletaceae, such as basidiospore ornamentation, the form of the basidioma, and the stuffed pores each had multiple origins within the family, suggesting that the use of such features for high-level classification ofBoletaceae should be de-emphasized and combined with other characters.

Ontogeny and phylogeny of gasteroid members of Agaricaceae (Basidiomycetes)

  • M. Gube
  • Biology, Environmental Science
  • 2009
The focus of this work are the gasteromycetation events of fungi related to the Basidiomycete family of Agaricaceae. These fungi occur in a diversity of shapes, and yet are all adapted to angio- or

A new genus Pseudoaustroboletus (Boletaceae, Boletales) from Asia as inferred from molecular and morphological data

A new genus of Boletaceae is described to accommodate the phylogenetically isolated species Tylopilus valens inferred by molecular and morphological data, which is currently only known from China, Japan, Malaysia and Singapore under forests dominated by Fagaceae plants.

Molecular Phylogenetics of Floridian Boletes

To further the understanding of the boletes in peninsular Florida, two common Floridian boletes were sequenced and analyzed with molecular phylogenetic tools, and the novel genus Pseudophylloporus was established, which is allied to Bothia and Solioccasus.

A global view of Gyroporus: molecular phylogenetics, diversity patterns, and new species

Five new species of Gyroporus are formally described, the recovery of a sister relationship between the cyanescens and longicystidiatus clades is recovered, and distributional patterns are discussed.

Author ' s personal copy Phylogenetic overview of the Boletineae

The generic and sub-generic relationships in the Boletineae (Boletales) were studied using nuclear large subunit, translation elongation factor 1-alpha (tef1), and DNA directed RNA polymerase largest subunit (RPB1) and two putatively mycoparasitic lineages are strongly supported.

Phylogenetic and biogeographic relationships of Chroogomphus species as inferred from molecular and morphological data

The relationships among species of the genus Chroogomphus were inferred from morphology and the nucleotide sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of the nuclear ribosomal gene

A multi-gene phylogeny of Lactifluus (Basidiomycota, Russulales) translated into a new infrageneric classification of the genus

An extensive dataset of the genetically diverse milkcap genus Lactifluus is assembled, comprising 80 % of all known species and 30 % of the type collections, and shows that the five featured characteristics are important at different evolutionary levels, but further characteristics need to be studied to find morphological support for each clade.

Molecular systematics and biological diversification of Boletales

The backbone of the Boletales was moderately resolved in the analyses with the nuc-lsu dataset, but support was strong for most major groups, including Boletineae and Suillineae, which are strongly supported as monophyletic.



Phylogenetic relationships of cantharelloid and clavarioid Homobasidiomycetes based on mitochondrial and nuclear rDNA sequences

Although these results suggest that there has been extensive convergence in fruiting body mor- phology, certain anatomical and biochemical features appear to be phylogenetically informative, notably stichic nuclear division, presence of pistillarin, and cyanophily or amyloidity of spore ornamentation.

A sequence database for the identification of ectomycorrhizal basidiomycetes by phylogenetic analysis

A sequence database for 80 genera of Basidiomycota from the Hymenomycete lineage for a small region of the mitochondrial large subunit rRNA gene is assembled, and two interesting patterns emerge: the switch between ectomycorrhizae and saprobic lifestyles appears to have happened convergently several and perhaps many times.

A new approach to the phylogeny of the order Boletales (Basidiomycotina)

An analysis employing parsimony and character compatibility methods is carried out for selected species in the various families constituting the order Boletales s.l, and indicates that Paxillaceae is polyphyletic, and its various genera should be included within other families.

Use of atp6 in fungal phylogenetics: an example from the boletales.

Results show that atp6 is likely to provide phylogenetic resolution within fungal classes but not at higher taxonomic levels, and because of the strong A + T bias in fungal mitochondrial genomes, A/T transversions were found to be more common than any other type of substitution, resulting in transversions being about two to three times more common in most pairwise sequence comparisons.

Phylogeny of the Basidiomycetes

It is clear that parasitism, far from being recent and derived from saprophytism, is generally ancient in the fungi; that the Ascomycetes arose from parasitic, aquatic Phycom...

Phylogeny of Calostoma, the gelatinous-stalked puffball, based on nuclear and mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences

In three of the four gene trees Calostoma shows an unusually high number of inferred nucleotide substitutions relative to other Boletales; this corresponds to its extreme morphological divergence.

Evolution of gilled mushrooms and puffballs inferred from ribosomal DNA sequences.

A comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of homobasidiomycetes, using sequences from nuclear and mitochondrial ribosomal DNA, with an emphasis on understanding evolutionary relationships of gilled mushrooms and puffballs, suggested that strikingly similar gilled mushroom evolved at least six times, from morphologically diverse precursors.

Phylogenetic Relationships within Paxillus s. I. (Basidiomycetes, Boletales): Separation of a Southern Hemisphere Genus

Phylogenetic analysis showed 3 main monophyletic groups, also supported by morphological, anatomical, ecological and chemical data, which lead to the proposal of a new Southern hemisphere genus, Austro-paxillus, mycorrhizal with Nothofagus.

Molecular phylogenetics of Ramaria and related genera: evidence from nuclear large subunit and mitochondrial small subunit rDNA sequences

The phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial and nuclear ribosomal DNA sequence data indicated that the genus Ramaria was paraphyletic and that several morphologically distinct groups of holobasidiomycetes were derived from ramarioid ancestors, and suggested that the ramarioids morphology and lignicolous substrate affinity were ancestral for the Gomphales.