author={Anson D. Shupe and Roger Willson Spielmann and Sam Stigall},
  journal={American Behavioral Scientist},
  pages={941 - 956}
This paper compares deprogramming with exorcism, thought reform, and resocialization, and offers insight into how members of the anticult movement justify their own involvement in "coercive conversion." It serves as a fitting, if ironic, close to this issue on conversion and commitment in contemporary religion. 

Deradicalization: A Review of the Literature with Comparison to Findings in the Literatures on Deganging and Deprogramming

This research brief reviews the literature on deradicalization and evaluates the methodology of deradicalization programs, based on the research identifying individual motivations for entering and



Conditions of Successful Degradation Ceremonies

  • H. Garfinkel
  • Political Science
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1956
Communicative work directed to transforming an individual's total identity lower in the group's scheme of social types is called a "status degradation ceremony." To reconstitute the other as a social

Thought Reform of Chinese Intellectuals: A Psychiatric Evaluation

  • R. Lifton
  • Psychology
    The Journal of Asian Studies
  • 1956
The Chinese Communist program of szu-hsiang kai-tsao or “thought reform”is unique both as a social experiment and as a laboratory for cross-cultural psychiatric study. Applied to Westerners and

Becoming a world-saver: a theory of conversion to a deviant perspective.

A model of the conversion process through which a group of people came to see the world in terms set by the doctrines of one such obscure and devalued perspective-a small millenarian religious cult is outlined.

Self-perception: An alternative interpretation of cognitive dissonance phenomena.

  • D. Bem
  • Psychology
    Psychological review
  • 1967
A theory of self-percepti on is proposed to provide an alternative interpretation for several of the major phenomena embraced by Festinger's theory of cognitive dissonance and to explicate some of

A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance

Cognitive dissonance theory links actions and attitudes. It holds that dissonance is experienced whenever one cognition that a person holds follows from the opposite of at least one other cognition

Battle of the mind

Plans for a vaccine for Alzheimer's disease were derailed last year when clinical trials revealed serious side-effects. But as Erika Check finds out, this approach could be about to get back on track.

The manipulation of human behavior

ion, 39, 266 Accuracy, 43, 117, 170, 191-196 Acetanilid, 121 Adaptation, Level Theory, 269 Adaptation of responses, 148-149, 152 Adaptive mechanisms, 38 Addiction, 103, 106, 126-127, 132 Afterimages,

The Rape of the Mind

ions which underlie all mathematics.

Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism