author={A. Shupe and R. Spielmann and S. Stigall},
  journal={American Behavioral Scientist},
  pages={941 - 956}
This paper compares deprogramming with exorcism, thought reform, and resocialization, and offers insight into how members of the anticult movement justify their own involvement in "coercive conversion." It serves as a fitting, if ironic, close to this issue on conversion and commitment in contemporary religion. 
On leaving criminal organizations
Terrorist organizations, groups, cells or just ‘bunches of guys’ are systematically compared with other types of criminal or deviant organizations: organized crime such as the mafia, street gangs andExpand
Deradicalization: A Review of the Literature with Comparison to Findings in the Literatures on Deganging and Deprogramming
This research brief reviews the literature on deradicalization and evaluates the methodology of deradicalization programs, based on the research identifying individual motivations for entering andExpand


Conditions of Successful Degradation Ceremonies
Communicative work directed to transforming an individual's total identity lower in the group's scheme of social types is called a "status degradation ceremony." To reconstitute the other as a socialExpand
Thought Reform of Chinese Intellectuals: A Psychiatric Evaluation
The Chinese Communist program of szu-hsiang kai-tsao or “thought reform”is unique both as a social experiment and as a laboratory for cross-cultural psychiatric study. Applied to Westerners andExpand
Becoming a world-saver: a theory of conversion to a deviant perspective.
A model of the conversion process through which a group of people came to see the world in terms set by the doctrines of one such obscure and devalued perspective-a small millenarian religious cult is outlined. Expand
Self-perception: An alternative interpretation of cognitive dissonance phenomena.
  • D. Bem
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological review
  • 1967
A theory of self-percepti on is proposed to provide an alternative interpretation for several of the major phenomena embraced by Festinger's theory of cognitive dissonance and to explicate some ofExpand
A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance
Cognitive dissonance theory links actions and attitudes. It holds that dissonance is experienced whenever one cognition that a person holds follows from the opposite of at least one other cognitionExpand
The social psychology of social movements
The manipulation of human behavior
ion, 39, 266 Accuracy, 43, 117, 170, 191-196 Acetanilid, 121 Adaptation, Level Theory, 269 Adaptation of responses, 148-149, 152 Adaptive mechanisms, 38 Addiction, 103, 106, 126-127, 132 Afterimages,Expand
The Rape of the Mind
ions which underlie all mathematics.
Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism