Depression of the human nociceptive withdrawal reflex by segmental and heterosegmental intramuscular electrical stimulation.


OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of intramuscular electrical conditioning in the modulation of nociceptive withdrawal reflex (NWR) and further to determine what muscle afferents are involved in the modulation of the nociceptive withdrawal reflex and the sites along the reflex pathway where the NWR modulation occurs in healthy humans. METHODS The NWR… (More)


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