Depression increases the risk of hypertension incidence: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies

@article{Meng2012DepressionIT,
  title={Depression increases the risk of hypertension incidence: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies},
  author={Lin Meng and Dongmei Chen and Yang Yang and Yang Zheng and Rutai Hui},
  journal={Journal of Hypertension},
  year={2012},
  volume={30},
  pages={842–851}
}
Background: It has long been known that depression is associated with hypertension but whether depression is a risk factor for hypertension incidence is still inconclusive. Objectives: To assess whether depression increases the incidence of hypertension. Method: Literatures were searched from PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane and PsycINFO without language restrictions. Any prospective cohort study was included, which reported the correlation between depression and incidence of hypertension in apparently… 

Hypertension and risk of depression in the elderly: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies

TLDR
The meta-analysis does not support that hypertension is probably a risk factor of depression, and further studies are needed to exclude the effects of other confounding factors.

Depression, anxiety and risk of hypertension in mid-aged women: a prospective longitudinal study

TLDR
The frequently observed association between depression and hypertension may be explained by confounding, whereas comorbid depression may account for the apparent effect of anxiety on hypertension risk, however, further research is needed to determine whether factors such as BMI play a mediating role on a causal pathway between Depression and hypertension.

Depression as a Risk Factor for Developing Heart Failure: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies.

BACKGROUND The associations of depression with incident heart failure (HF) risk based on epidemiological studies have been inconsistent. OBJECTIVE We aimed to quantitatively estimate the relative

Association of depression with mortality in an elderly treated hypertensive population

TLDR
This elderly cohort had a high incidence of depression irrespective of their randomised antihypertensive regimen and both pre-existing and incident depression were associated with increased mortality.

Depression and the risk of coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies

TLDR
The results of the updated meta-analysis suggest that depression is independently associated with a significantly increased risk of CHD and MI, which may have implications for CHD etiological research and psychological medicine.

Depressed mood and anxiety as risk factors for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis

TLDR
If depression and/or anxiety in early pregnancy was a risk factor for HDP, when measurement of anxiety or depression preceded diagnosis of hypertension, the association remained and women experiencing depression or anxiety in pregnancy have an increased prevalence of HDP compared to their non-depressed or non-anxious counterparts.

Association of anxiety and depression with hypertension control: a US multidisciplinary group practice observational study

TLDR
Greater healthcare utilization among patients with anxiety and/or depression may contribute to faster hypertension control, a measure of healthcare utilization.

Disparities in the management of cardiovascular risk factors in patients with psychiatric disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis

TLDR
A proactive clinical management is needed to reduce the CV morbidity and mortality of patients with psychiatric disorders and individual studies showed associations between schizophrenia and lower probability of having smoking habit recorded and schizoid personality disorder and higher probability of remaining non-smokers after quitting.

Depression increases the risk for uncontrolled hypertension.

TLDR
Depression is common in patients with uncontrolled hypertension and may interfere with blood pressure control and Screening for depression in hypertensive patients is a simple and cost-effective tool that may improve outcomes.

Bidirectional association between blood pressure and depressive symptoms in young and middle-age adults: A cohort study

TLDR
In this large cohort study of young and middle-aged individuals, higher BP levels were independently associated with a decreased risk for developing case-level depressive symptoms and depressive symptoms were also associated with incident hypertension.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 49 REFERENCES

Absence of association between depression and hypertension: results of a prospectively designed population-based study

TLDR
Hypertension and depression were not associated in this free-living population of adults, suggesting that their concomitant occurrence in clinical practice may be ascribed to chance.

Do depression symptoms predict early hypertension incidence in young adults in the CARDIA study? Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults.

TLDR
Depressive symptoms were predictive of later hypertension incidence in young adults, and young blacks with depressive symptoms were at high risk of developing hypertension.

Depression is a risk factor for coronary artery disease in men: the precursors study.

TLDR
Clinical depression appears to be an independent risk factor for incident coronary artery disease for several decades after the onset of the clinical depression.

Major Depression as a Risk Factor for High Blood Pressure: Epidemiologic Evidence From a National Longitudinal Study

TLDR
The increased risk of developing high blood pressure was elevated in those with major depression and the association may be due to shared etiologic factors, which may warrant closer monitoring of blood pressure in people with depressive disorders.

Incident hypertension associated with depression in the Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment area follow-up study.

Blood pressure and symptoms of depression and anxiety: a prospective study.

A Quantitative Review of Prospective Evidence Linking Psychological Factors With Hypertension Development

TLDR
Overall, there is moderate support for psychological factors as predictors of hypertension development, with the strongest support for anger, anxiety, and depression variables.

Insomnia and sleep duration as mediators of the relationship between depression and hypertension incidence.

TLDR
The hypothesis that treatment of sleep problems in middle-aged individuals suffering from depression could reduce their risk for developing hypertension, and its vascular and cardiac complications is suggested.

Baseline Depressive Symptoms Are Not Associated With Clinically Important Levels of Incident Hypertension During Two Years of Follow-Up: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

TLDR
Depressive symptoms may be associated with slight increases in blood pressure in this multiethnic cohort, but it is premature to conclude much without longer studies in other populations.